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Yeast uracil permease follows the secretory pathway to the plasma membrane and is phosphorylated on serine residues in a post-Golgi compartment. The protein was found to be rather stable in growing cells, but its turnover rate (half-life of about 7 h) was much faster than that of most yeast proteins. Several adverse conditions triggered the rapid(More)
Endocytosis is involved in a wide variety of cellular processes, and the internalization step of endocytosis has been extensively studied in both lower and higher eukaryotic cells. Studies in mammalian cells have described several endocytic pathways, with the main emphasis on clathrin-dependent endocytosis. Genetic studies in yeast have underlined the(More)
Nine new hem12 haploid mutants of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), totally or partially deficient in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity, were subjected to both genetic and biochemical analysis. The mutations sites studied are situated far apart within the HEM12 gene located on chromosome IV. Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity in the(More)
The ubiquitin ligase (E3) Rsp5p is the only member of the Nedd (neural-precursor-cell-expressed, developmentally down-regulated) 4 family of E3s present in yeast. Rsp5p has several proteasome-independent functions in membrane protein trafficking, including a role in the ubiquitination of most plasma membrane proteins, leading to their endocytosis. Rsp5p is(More)
Uptake of uracil by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is mediated by a specific permease encoded by the FUR4 gene. Uracil permease located at the cell surface is subject to two covalent modifications: phosphorylation and ubiquitination. The ubiquitination step is necessary prior to permease endocytosis and subsequent vacuolar degradation. Here, we(More)
Rsp5p is an ubiquitin (Ub)-protein ligase of the Nedd4 family that carries WW domains involved in interaction with PPXY-containing proteins. It plays a key role at several stages of intracellular trafficking, such as Ub-mediated internalization of endocytic cargoes and Ub-mediated sorting of membrane proteins to internal vesicles of multivesicular bodies(More)
The yeast uracil permease, Fur4p, is downregulated by uracil, which is toxic to cells with high permease activity. Uracil promotes cell surface Rsp5p-dependent ubiquitylation of the permease, signaling its endocytosis and further vacuolar degradation. We show here that uracil also triggers the direct routing of its cognate permease from the Golgi apparatus(More)
Yeast Rsp5 ubiquitin ligase is involved in several cellular processes, including endocytosis. Actin patches are sites of endocytosis, a process involving actin assembly and disassembly. Here we show Rsp5 localization in cortical patches and demonstrate its involvement in actin cytoskeleton organization and dynamics. We found that the Rsp5-F1-GFP2 N-terminal(More)
Protein ubiquitylation is essential for many events linked to intracellular protein trafficking. Despite the significance of this process, the molecular mechanisms that govern the regulation of ubiquitylation remain largely unknown. Plasma membrane transporters are subjected to tightly regulated endocytosis, and ubiquitylation is a key signal at several(More)
Uracil uptake by Saccharomyces cerevisiae is mediated by the FUR4-encoded uracil permease. The modification of uracil permease by phosphorylation at the plasma membrane is a key mechanism for regulating endocytosis of this protein. This modification in turn facilitates its ubiquitination and internalization. Following endocytosis, the permease is targeted(More)