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Given the recent spate of reports of vitamin D deficiency, there is a need to reexamine our understanding of natural and other sources of vitamin D, as well as mechanisms whereby vitamin D synthesis and intake can be optimized. This state-of-the-art report from the Drug and Therapeutics Committee of the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society was aimed(More)
BACKGROUND Information about the prevalence of obesity in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) is inconsistent and limited. The burden of the concurrent problems of obesity and DM1 can have notable medical, psychological, and social implications for both patients and their families. AIMS To determine prevalences of overweight and obesity in(More)
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), resulting from a mitochondrial DNA deletion, is a rare cause of diabetes in children. We report 2 pediatric cases of KSS associated with diabetes that presented with hyperosmolar hyperglycemia with minimal ketosis. Both patients were treated initially with isotonic fluid resuscitation followed by intravenous insulin infusion.(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is secreted primarily by the stomach and circulates as both acylated and desacyl ghrelin. Acylated (but not desacyl) ghrelin stimulates appetite. Both concentrations are elevated in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), suggesting that ghrelin may contribute to hyperphagia and overweight in these subjects. We evaluated whether long-acting(More)
We report on an infant with severe acquired hypothyroidism resulting from both increased activity of type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase and increased production of TSH-like hormone from hepatic hemangiomas. The combination of these two mechanisms in a patient with hepatic hemangiomas has not been reported previously.
OBJECTIVE To compare three intensive management strategies with respect to metabolic control (glycated haemoglobin, preprandial blood glucose, lipid profile, body weight, hypoglycaemic episodes) and psycho-social adaptation (quality of life, self-efficacy, stress and perceived complexity). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fifteen adults with type 1 diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropathy is an important complication and contributes to the morbidity of diabetes mellitus. The availability of simple and non-invasive tests for screening of early diabetic neuropathy (DN) in children with diabetes may prevent further progression of this complication. The purpose of this study was to compare conventional nerve conduction(More)
DURING THE PASSAGE FROM ADOLESCENCE TO ADULTHOOD, INDIVIDUALS ARE EXPECTED TO GO THROUGH THREE PSYCHOLOGICAL STAGES: identity formation (finding out who they are), intimacy (establishment of stable intimate relationships) and generativity (productive lifestyle, career or vocational realization). Having diabetes may complicate this process. Further, the(More)