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Malignant melanoma accounts for most of the increasing mortality from skin cancer. Melanoma cells were found to express Fas (also called Apo-1 or CD95) ligand (FasL). In metastatic lesions, Fas-expressing T cell infiltrates were proximal to FasL+ tumor cells. In vitro, apoptosis of Fas-sensitive target cells occurred upon incubation with melanoma tumor(More)
PURPOSE To determine the toxicity and the therapeutic efficacy of the combination of the recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (rTNF alpha), recombinant interferon gamma (rIFN-gamma), and melphalan, we designed a protocol using isolation limb perfusion (ILP) with hyperthermia for in-transit metastases of melanoma and recurrent sarcoma. The triple(More)
In humans, NK receptors are expressed by natural killer cells and some T cells, the latter of which are preferentially alphabetaTCR+ CD8+ cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL). In this study we analyzed the expression of nine NK receptors (p58.1, p58.2, p70, p140, ILT2, NKRP1A, ZIN176, CD94 and CD94/NKG2A) in PBL from both healthy donors and melanoma patients. The(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in combination with interferon-gamma (IFN) and melphalan as induction therapy to render tumors resectable and avoid amputation in patients with nonresectable extremity soft tissue sarcomas (STS). PATIENTS AND METHODS Among 55 patients with 30 primary(More)
The Melan-A/MART-1 gene, which is expressed by normal melanocytes as well as by most fresh melanoma samples and melanoma cell lines, codes for Ags recognized by tumor-reactive CTL. HLA-A*0201-restricted Melan-A-specific CTL recognize primarily the Melan-A(27-35) (AAGIGILTV) and the Melan-A(26-35) (EAAGIGILTV) peptides. The sequences of these two peptides(More)
The MAGE-3 gene is a member of a multigene family that is selectively expressed by subsets of different human tumor types, including malignant melanoma, but not by normal tissues except for testis and placenta. A cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL)-defined MAGE-3 antigen, corresponding to the MAGE-3 peptide 271-279 associated with the human leukocyte antigen(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to achieve limb salvage in patients with locally advanced soft tissue sarcomas that can only be treated by amputation or functionally mutilating surgery by performing an isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) + melphalan (M) as induction biochemotherapy to obtain local control and make(More)
The membrane receptor 2B4 is a CD2 family member that is involved in lymphocyte activation. A fraction of human CD8+ alphabeta T cells up-regulate 2B4 in vivo, and here we demonstrate that this correlates with the acquisition of effector cell properties such as granzyme B and perforin expression, rapid IFN-gamma production, and down-regulation of the lymph(More)
It has previously been reported that MAGE-1, -2, -3 and -4 genes are expressed in human cancers including cutaneous melanoma. MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 represent targets for specific immunotherapy because they encode peptide antigens which are recognised by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) when presented by HLA class I molecules, and pilot clinical trials with these(More)
Recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (rTNF alpha) has potent antitumor activity in experimental studies on human tumor xenografts. However, in humans, the administration of rTNF alpha is hampered by severe systemic side effects. The maximum tolerated dose ranges from 350 to 500 mg/m2, which is at least 10-fold less than the effective dose in animals.(More)