Danièle Gourdji

Learn More
The hypothalamic tripeptide thyroliberin (TRH) regulates prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) synthesis inversely by modulating the levels of their specific mRNA. Changes in mRNA levels could involve both transcriptional and posttranscriptional events. To examine further these possibilities, we have investigated the effect of TRH on the biosynthesis and(More)
The parenchyma of the anterior pituitary gland is constituted of distinct specialized glandular cell types, some of them being able to secrete two, or more, genetically related hormones. The synthesis and the release of each hormone is a discontinuous process controlled by a variety of chemical signals of hypothalamic and peripheral origin. These signals,(More)
Secretogranin I (SgI; chromogranin B) belongs to a class of acidic tyrosine-sulfated secretory proteins believed to play a role in the secretory process of endocrine cells. Our aim here was to compare the levels of SgI mRNA to that of prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH), using rat pituitary cell lines. As far as the constitutive expression is concerned,(More)
1. Regulation of pulsatile secretion of growth hormone (GH) relies on hypothalamic neuronal loops, major transmitters involved in their operation are growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) synthetized mostly in arcuate nucleus (ARC) neurons, and somatostatin (SRIH), synthetized both in hypothalamus periventricular (PVe) and ARC neurons. 2. Neurons(More)
TRH induces two separate events in pituitary PRL cells. It increases the release of stored PRL and enhances the rate of PRL gene transcription, which results in an increased steady state concentration of PRL messenger RNA (mRNA) and a concomitant augmentation of PRL production. The mechanisms underlying the release process involve the activation of(More)
In the present report, we have investigated the role of DNA methylation on the binding and trans-acting properties of transcription factors involved in the regulation of the rat prolactin (rPRL) gene, specifically Pit-1. To this aim we took advantage of a model system composed of three GH3 rat pituitary tumor cell lines that greatly differed in the extent(More)
The effects of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and 17 beta-estradiol on the electrical membrane properties of a prolactin-secretin pituitary cell line (GH3/B6) were studied with intracellular microelectrode recordings. Of the cells tested, 50 percent were excitable and displayed calcium-dependent action potentials when depolarized. When injected directly on(More)
Secretory activity of the anterior pituitary gland is regulated by the brain through stimulatory and inhibitory substances released from nerve endings in the median eminence of the hypothalamus and carried by the adenohypophysial portal blood system to their respective target cells. These hypothalamic influences are modulated by the feedback action of(More)