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Recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated that the protein kinase C (PKC) delta isoform is an oxidative stress-sensitive kinase and a key mediator of apoptotic cell death in Parkinson's Disease (PD) models (Eur J Neurosci 18:1387-1401, 2003; Mol Cell Neurosci 25:406-421, 2004). We showed that native PKC delta is proteolytically activated by caspase-3(More)
Impairment in ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) has recently been implicated in Parkinson's disease, as demonstrated by reduced proteasomal activities, protein aggregation and mutation of several genes associated with UPS. However, experimental studies with proteasome inhibitors failed to yield consensus regarding the effect of proteasome inhibition on(More)
The cellular mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative process in Parkinson's disease are not well understood. Using RNA interference (RNAi), we demonstrate that caspase-3-dependent proteolytic activation of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) contributes to the degenerative process in dopaminergic neurons. The Parkinsonian toxin MPP(+) activated caspase-3(More)
A large body of evidence using experimental animal models shows that the nicotinic cholinergic system is involved in the control of movement under physiological conditions. This work raised the question whether dysregulation of this system may contribute to motor dysfunction and whether drugs targeting nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) may be of(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis, can be regulated by phosphorylation at multiple serine residues, including serine-40. In the present study, we report a novel interaction between a key member of the novel PKC family, protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta), and TH, in which the kinase modulates dopamine synthesis by(More)
Manganese (Mn) exposure causes manganism, a neurological disorder similar to Parkinson's disease. However, the cellular mechanism by which Mn impairs the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system remains unclear. We previously demonstrated that caspase-3-dependent proteolytic activation of protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) plays a key role in Mn-induced apoptotic(More)
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) are a serious complication of levodopa therapy for Parkinson's disease for which there is little treatment. Accumulating evidence shows that nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) drugs decrease LIDs in parkinsonian animals. Here, we examined the effect of two β2 nAChR agonists, ABT-089 and ABT-894, that previously were(More)
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia, as well as nonmotor symptoms including autonomic impairments, olfactory dysfunction, sleep disturbances, depression, and dementia. Although the major neurological deficit is a loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, multiple(More)
Previous studies in Parkinsonian rats and monkeys have shown that β2-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists reduce l-Dopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs), a serious complication of l-Dopa therapy for Parkinson's disease. Since rodent studies also suggested an involvement of α7 nAChRs in LIDs, we tested the effect of the potent, selective α7(More)
Although 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (levodopa) is the gold-standard treatment for Parkinson's disease, it can lead to disabling dyskinesias. Previous work demonstrated that nicotine reduces levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) in several parkinsonian animal models. The goal of this study was to determine whether the duration of nicotine administration(More)