Dangxiao Wang

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Performance evaluation is indispensable for a surgical simulator to become acceptable. A haptics-based dental simulator (iDental) has been developed and preliminary user evaluation on its first-generation prototype has been carried out to gain the knowledge. Based on detailed requirement analysis of Periodontics procedures, a combined evaluation method(More)
Six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) haptic rendering for fine manipulation in narrow space is a challenging topic because of frequent constraint changes caused by small tool movement and the requirement to preserve the feel of fine-features of objects. In this paper, we introduce a configuration-based constrained optimization method for solving this rendering(More)
Six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) haptic rendering is challenging when multi-region contacts occur between the graphic avatar of a haptic tool operated by a human user, which we call the graphic tool, and deformable objects. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for deformation modeling based on a spring-sphere tree representation of deformable objects(More)
Immersion and interaction are two key features of virtual reality systems, which are especially important for medical applications. Based on the requirement of motor skill training in dental surgery, haptic rendering method based on triangle model is investigated in this paper. Multi-rate haptic rendering architecture is proposed to solve the contradiction(More)
It is difficult to implement a stable and realistic haptic simulation for cutting rigid objects that is based on a damping model because of an inevitable conflict between stability and high output force. This paper presents passivity techniques to show that an excessive damping coefficient causes the output stiffness to exceed the maximum output stiffness(More)
There are two main challenges in simulating bi-manual dental operations with six-degrees-of-freedom (6-DoF) haptic rendering. One is to simulate large deformation and force response of a tongue under multi-region contacts with a dental mirror, and the other is to simulate the force response when a dental probe inserts into a narrow periodontal pocket, which(More)
Human resolution of collocation error between haptic and stereoscopic displays influences the design of visuo-haptic rendering algorithms, yet it is not well characterized. In the present study, we propose quantified metrics to measure the visuo-haptic collocation error and a prototype based on half-silvered mirror is established to validate the metrics.(More)
This paper presents a novel constraint-based six degree-of-freedom (6-DoF) haptic rendering algorithm for simulating both contact forces and torques between interacting rigid bodies. We represent an object using a hierarchy of spheres, i.e., a sphere-tree. Such a representation allows fast detection of multiple contacts/collisions among objects and(More)