Dandan Luo

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Over last two decades, numerous studies have used remotely sensed data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensors to map land use and land cover at large spatial scales, but achieved only limited success. In this paper, we employed an approach that combines both AVHRR images and geophysical datasets (e.g. climate, elevation). Three(More)
The delivery of therapeutic compounds to target tissues is a central challenge in treating disease. Externally controlled drug release systems hold potential to selectively enhance localized delivery. Here we describe liposomes doped with porphyrin-phospholipid that are permeabilized directly by near-infrared light. Molecular dynamics simulations identified(More)
Preclinical research in the field of nanomedicine continues to produce a steady stream of new nanoparticles with unique capabilities and complex properties. With improvements come promising treatments for diseases, with the ultimate goal of clinical translation and better patient outcomes compared with current standards of care. Here, we outline engineering(More)
Stealth liposomes can be used to extend the blood circulation time of encapsulated therapeutics. Inclusion of 2 molar % porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) imparted optimal near infrared (NIR) light-triggered release of doxorubicin (Dox) from conventional sterically stabilized stealth liposomes. The type and amount of PoP affected drug loading, serum stability and(More)
Near infrared (NIR) light penetrates human tissues with limited depth, thereby providing a method to safely deliver non-ionizing radiation to well-defined target tissue volumes. Light-based therapies including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and laser-induced thermal therapy have been validated clinically for curative and palliative treatment of solid tumors.(More)
Drug bioavailability is a key consideration for drug delivery systems. When loaded with doxorubicin, liposomes containing 5 molar % porphyrin-phospholipid (HPPH liposomes) exhibited in vitro and in vivo serum stability that could be fine-tuned by varying the drug-to-lipid ratio. A higher drug loading ratio destabilized the liposomes, in contrast to standard(More)
Prompt membrane permeabilization is a requisite for liposomes designed for local stimuli-induced intravascular release of therapeutic payloads. Incorporation of a small amount (i.e., 5 molar percent) of an unsaturated phospholipid, such as dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC), accelerates near infrared (NIR) light-triggered doxorubicin release in(More)
Liposomes incorporating porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP) can be formulated to release entrapped contents in response to near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. Here, we examine effects of chelating copper or zinc into the PoP. Cu(II) and Zn(II) PoP liposomes, containing 10 molar % HPPH-lipid, exhibited unique photophysical properties and released entrapped cargo(More)
The efficacy of chemotherapy is related, in large part, to the concentration of drug that reaches tumor sites. Doxorubicin (DOX) is a common anti-cancer drug that is also approved for use in liposomal form for the treatment of ovarian cancer. We recently developed a porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP)-liposome system that enables on demand release of DOX from(More)
Soluble proteins of regenerating sciatic nerves of rats can be posttranslationally, covalently modified by a variety of radioactive amino acids. The present study shows that once modified by a mixture of 15 amino acids, many of those proteins form aggregates that are unable to pass through a 0.45-micron filter and pellet following 20,000g centrifugation(More)