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Cell fate is determined when the commitment of cells to a particular fate is autonomously maintained, irrespective of their environment. In Drosophila, fate determination is maintained through the action of the Polycomb-group and trithorax-group genes, which are required so that states of homeotic gene activity are inherited through cell division. It is(More)
Polyamines have been implicated in a wide range of biological processes, including growth and development in bacteria and animals, but their function in higher plants is unclear. Here we show that the Arabidopsis: ACAULIS5 (ACL5) gene, whose inactivation causes a defect in the elongation of stem internodes by reducing cell expansion, encodes a protein that(More)
A novel transposon-tagging strategy designed to recover dominant gain-of-function alleles was performed with Arabidopsis by using a Dissociation element with a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter transcribing outward over one terminus. Lines containing transposed copies of this transposon were screened for mutants, and a semidominant mutation affecting(More)
which can secondarily alter the fate of the SMs when de-repressed. None of these models adequately address the fact that the bd1 SM has different fates in the tassel and ear. It is unlikely that bd1b partially compensates for the loss of BD1 in the tassel, as proposed for the zag1/zmm2 duplication in maize (14), because we have been unable to detect bd1b(More)
The maize transposons Activator (Ac) and Dissociation (Ds) tend to transpose to sites close to their original position and can be efficiently used to transposon-tag genetically linked genes. To facilitate this approach, we describe the locations of seven T-DNAs carrying Ds elements, including at least one on each of the five chromosomes. For five of these(More)
A two-component transposon system based on the Ac element of maize was used as a mutagen in Arabidopsis thaliana. Transposition of a Ds element marked with a hygromycin-resistance gene was activated from four different locations in the Arabidopsis genome. The progeny of 201 plants carrying independent transposition events were screened for mutants with(More)
Penicillium thomii PT95 strain is able to form abundant orange, sand-shaped sclerotia in which carotenoids accumulate. We have studied the effects of copper (Cu)-induced oxidative stress on sclerotial differentiation, biosynthesis of some endogenous antioxidants, and activities of a number of the antioxidative enzymes of strain PT95. The association between(More)
We use the high magnification event seen in the 1999 OGLE campaign light curve of image C of the quadruply imaged gravitational lens Q2237+0305 to study the structure of the quasar engine. We have obtained g'-and r'-band photometry at the Apache Point Observatory 3.5m telescope where we find that the event has a smaller amplitude in the r'-band than in the(More)
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