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BACKGROUND Sorafenib currently sets the new standard for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It has been suggested that Asian patients with HCC have increased susceptibility to hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) related to sorafenib therapy. The authors investigated the association between sorafenib-induced HFSR and genetic polymorphisms in Korean patients(More)
Berberine (BBR) is one of the major alkaloids and has been reported to have a variety of pharmacologic effects, including inhibition of cell cycle progression. Here, we investigated the mechanisms of BBR protection of neuronal cells from cell death induced by the Parkinson's disease-related neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Pretreatment of SH-SY5Y(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Little is known about whether surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is worthwhile in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients who have achieved HBsAg seroclearance. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 829 patients (mean age: 52.3 years; 575 males; 98 with cirrhosis) achieving HBsAg seroclearance was performed at a(More)
BACKGROUND The ESHAP chemotherapy regimen, that is, the combination of the etoposide, methylprednisolone, high-dose cytarabine and cisplatin, has been shown to be active against relapsing or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in previous therapeutic trials. We attempted to determine whether ESHAP therapy would be effective and well-tolerated in Korean(More)
GOALS In this study the authors intended to investigate the relationship between intrahepatic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA concentrations and posthepatectomy recurrence of HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). BACKGROUND High HBV-DNA level is strongly associated with HCC development in chronic HBV infection and considered to be a risk factor of(More)
PURPOSE To compare efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization with and without radiation therapy (RT) versus sorafenib for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). MATERIALS AND METHODS This single-center retrospective study involved 557 patients with HCC with PVTT who initially received chemoembolization(More)
BACKGROUND Although sorafenib is considered standard therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), actual treatments vary. We evaluated the effects of different treatment strategies on overall survival. METHODS A retrospective study of sorafenib-treated patients with advanced HCC was conducted. The primary outcome was overall survival. Prognostic(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) D multiple myeloma (MM) accounts for 2% of all MM cases and has been reported to be associated with poor prognosis compared with other MM subtypes. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of high-dose melphalan treatment and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) on the survival of patients with IgD MM and patients(More)
We investigated the molecular mechanism by which berberine reduces nitric oxide (NO) expression and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) release in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages. Berberine significantly inhibited the LPS-stimulated NO production and HMGB1 release in macrophages. In addition, berberine also induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the long-term clinical outcome and durability of HBsAg seroclearance following nucleos(t)ide analogue (NUC) therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). DESIGN During a median follow-up period of 6 years (33 567 patient-years) of 5409 CHB patients who were initially treated with lamivudine or entecavir, a total of(More)