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Zika virus, a mosquito-borne flavivirus, spread to the Region of the Americas (Americas) in mid-2015, and appears to be related to congenital microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome (1,2). On February 1, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the occurrence of microcephaly cases in association with Zika virus infection to be a Public Health(More)
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a postinfectious autoimmune disorder characterized by bilateral flaccid limb weakness attributable to peripheral nerve damage (1). Increased GBS incidence has been reported in countries with local transmission of Zika virus, a flavivirus transmitted primarily by certain Aedes species mosquitoes (2). In Puerto Rico, three(More)
Physician-operated order entry systems can bring great benefits to an institution. Such systems can improve the consistency, accuracy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of orders. When building or selecting order entry for an institution, consideration must be given to the many different scenarios in which orders are written and communicated. Transfer,(More)
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, and infection can be asymptomatic or result in an acute febrile illness with rash (1). Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe birth defects (2). Infection has also been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)(More)
Our group has developed a computer system that supports all phases of the inpatient discharge process. The system fills in most of the physician's discharge order form and the nurse's discharge abstract, using information available from sign-out, order entry, scheduling, and other databases. It supplies information for referrals to outside institutions, and(More)
During a dengue epidemic in northern Mexico, enhanced surveillance identified 53 laboratory-positive cases in southern Texas; 26 (49%) patients acquired the infection locally, and 29 (55%) were hospitalized. Of 83 patient specimens that were initially IgM negative according to ELISA performed at a commercial laboratory, 14 (17%) were dengue virus positive(More)
Dengue is an acute febrile illness caused by any of four mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV) types. Dengue is endemic in Jamaica, where an epidemic occurred in 2012. An investigation was conducted by multiple agencies for 66 missionaries traveling from nine US states to Jamaica after 1 missionary from the group was confirmed to have dengue. Travelers(More)
This article compares activities of the University of Michigan School of Public Health Public Health Action Support Team (PHAST) to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists Applied Epidemiology Competencies (AECs) to determine the utility of using the competencies to assess extracurricular student(More)
We previously assessed mortality among U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) marine inspectors (inspectors) and Coast Guard officers who were not marine inspectors (noninspectors). Here, we extended follow-up of the cohort by 14 years, ascertaining vital status 1980-1994, calculating standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for inspectors and noninspectors, and comparing(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the primary sources of information utilized by a vulnerable population during the 2009 influenza pandemic and examine disease prevention behaviors related to reports of local H1N1 influenza transmission. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Between May 2009 and December 2009, face-to-face interviews were conducted in towns located(More)