Dana M Hornbeak

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PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of refractive error types in Singaporean Chinese children aged 6 to 72 months. METHODS The Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Children (STARS) is a population-based study in southwest Singapore. Door-to-door recruitment of participants was used, with disproportionate random sampling in 6-month(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Myopia, or nearsightedness, is the most common human eye disorder in the world and is a significant global public health concern. Along with cataract, macular degeneration, infectious disease, and vitamin A deficiency, myopia is one of the most important causes of visual impairment worldwide. Severe or high-grade myopia is a leading cause(More)
INTRODUCTION The study objective was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication-lowering effect of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) on one preoperative medication. METHODS Fifty-seven qualified phakic eyes with OAG on 1 medication, preoperative medicated IOP of 18-30 mmHg, and(More)
INTRODUCTION This study records the prevalence and patterns of breastfeeding in Singaporean Chinese mothers who gave birth between 2000 and 2008. MATERIALS AND METHODS The Strabismus, Amblyopia and Refractive Error in Singaporean Children (STARS) study is a population-based survey conducted in South-Western Singapore. Disproportionate random sampling by(More)
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder that affects the extraocular soft tissues and causes eyelid retraction, proptosis and restrictive extraocular myopathy. Compressive optic neuropathy from extraocular muscle enlargement occurs in less than 5% of patients, in the majority of whom it develops within 18 months of the diagnosis of(More)
AIMS To describe the prevalence and causes of decreased visual acuity (VA) in Singaporean Chinese children. METHODS A population-based survey of Singaporean Chinese children aged 6 to 72 months was conducted. Participants underwent an orthoptic evaluation, cycloplegic refraction and biometric measurements. A sub-group of children aged 30 to 72 months with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the long-term intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect and safety parameters following treatment with two trabecular micro-bypass stents and topical prostaglandin in phakic eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) not controlled on two preoperative medications. METHODS This prospective, single-arm, unmasked study enrolled 39 qualified(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the reliability of clinical grading of vitreous haze using a new 9-step ordinal scale versus the existing 6-step ordinal scale. DESIGN Evaluation of diagnostic test (interobserver agreement study). PARTICIPANTS A total of 119 consecutive patients (204 uveitic eyes) presenting for uveitis subspecialty care on the study day at 1 of 3(More)
PurposeThe objective of this study was to investigate an association between spherical refractive error and breastfeeding.MethodsStrabismus, amblyopia, and refractive errors in Singaporean preschoolers (STARS) is a cross-sectional population-based study of 3009 Chinese children aged 6–72 months conducted between June 2006 and September 2008 in Singapore.(More)
PURPOSE To summarize the available published data regarding the treatment of JIA-associated chronic uveitis. METHODS Available peer-reviewed publications regarding the treatments of JIA-associated uveitis were read by multiple authors (RMA, EM, JET, and DH) and the data from these reports were synthesized for this review. RESULTS Juvenile idiopathic(More)