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Nitric oxide (NO) induces mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle cells via upregulation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α). Further, we have shown that nitric oxide interacts with the metabolic sensor enzyme, AMPK. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide and AMPK act synergistically to upregulate(More)
Body size overestimation is a fundamental feature in anorexia nervosa (AN). The extent or even existence of body size overestimation in AN is controversial. The most recent review (Farrell et al., 2005) found that only half the studies reported overestimation of body size in individuals diagnosed with AN. The remaining studies found no overestimation or in(More)
This study investigated Amazon.com's website Mechanical Turk (MTurk) as a research tool for measuring body size estimation and dissatisfaction. 160 U.S. participants completed the BIAS-BD figural drawing scale and demographic questions posted on the MTurk website. The BIAS-BD consists of 17 drawings of various male and female body sizes based on(More)
Selection-based (SB) verbal behavior, in most general terms, consists of selecting stimuli from an array, which presumably has some effect on a listener. Topography-based (TB) verbal behavior consists of responses with unique topographies (e.g. speaking, signing, writing) which is also presumed to have some effect on a listener. This article reviews(More)
We hypothesized that targeted mutation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene would reduce Akt-related signaling events in skeletal muscle cells, compared to wild type (WT) controls. Results show that slow myosin heavy chain (type I/beta) expression and the abundance of slow-twitch fibers are reduced in plantaris muscle of eNOS(-/-) mice,(More)
The present study examined whether a revision of the Gardner, Jappe, and Gardner (2009) BIAS-BD figural drawing scale gave more accurate estimations of body size estimation and body dissatisfaction than a prior version. It also examined whether the order of figure presentation led to differing values for body size estimation and body dissatisfaction. The(More)
BACKGROUND Body size overestimation is a fundamental feature in anorexia nervosa (AN). There have been inconclusive findings about the extent to which this feature distinguishes psychopathology and some authors have argued that overestimation may be a function of lower body mass index (BMI). METHODS We examine body size estimation accuracy and body(More)
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