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To examine the influence of chronic mechanical stretch on functional behavior of cardiac myocytes, we reconstituted embryonic chick or neonatal rat cardiac myocytes to a 3-dimensional engineered heart tissue (EHT) by mixing freshly isolated cells with neutralized collagen I and culturing them between two Velcro-coated silicone tubes, held at a fixed(More)
A technique is presented that allows neonatal rat cardiac myocytes to form spontaneously and coherently beating 3-dimensional engineered heart tissue (EHT) in vitro, either as a plane biconcaval matrix anchored at both sides on Velcro-coated silicone tubes or as a ring. Contractile activity was monitored in standard organ baths or continuously in a CO(2)(More)
Although bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) may serve as an ideal wound dressing, it exhibits no antibacterial properties by itself. Therefore, in the present study BNC was functionalized with the antiseptic drug octenidine. Drug loading and release, mechanical characteristics, biocompatibility, and antimicrobial efficacy were investigated. Octenidine release(More)
A variety of approaches are available for generation of bacteria-produced nanocellulose (BNC) in different forms. BNC production under static cultivation conditions usually results in fleeces or foils, characterized by a homogeneous, three-dimensional network of nanofibers and a uniform surface. However, under static cultivation conditions in batch vessels,(More)
Novel Process Windows make use of process conditions that are far from conventional practices. This involves the use of high temperatures, high pressures, high concentrations (solvent-free), new chemical transformations, explosive conditions, and process simplification and integration to boost synthetic chemistry on both the laboratory and production scale.(More)
Short diffusion paths and high specific interfacial areas in microstructured devices can increase mass transfer rates and thus accelerate multiphase reactions. This effect can be intensified by the application of ultrasound. Herein, we report on the design and testing of a novel versatile setup for a continuous ultrasound-supported multiphase process in(More)
Although bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) has reached enormous interest for biomedical applications because of its outstanding material properties, investigations about its potential as drug delivery system are very rare. In the present study, for the first time, the applicability of BNC as drug delivery system for proteins using serum albumin as model drug(More)
Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) is chemically identical with plant cellulose but free of byproducts like lignin, pectin, and hemicelluloses, featuring a unique reticulate network of fine fibers. BNC sheets are mostly obtained by static cultivation. Now, a Horizontal Lift Reactor may provide a cost efficient method for mass production. This is of particular(More)
As the demand for new drugs is rising, the pharmaceutical industry faces the quest of shortening development time, and thus, reducing the time to market. Environmental aspects typically still play a minor role within the early phase of process development. Nevertheless, it is highly promising to rethink, redesign, and optimize process strategies as early as(More)
The simple transfer of established chemical production processes from batch to flow chemistry does not automatically result in more sustainable ones. Detailed process understanding and the motivation to scrutinize known process conditions are necessary factors for success. Although the focus is usually "only" on intensifying transport phenomena to operate(More)