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Cardiovascular responses to systemic bacteremia were evaluated in a pre-instrumented, conscious pigs. Basal observations were obtained 5-7 days after instrumentation. On the next day, Escherichia coli 0111.B4 (1.1 to 33 x 10(9) CFU/kg)-laden fibrin clots were implanted intraperitoneally. Nonsurvivors (9/18) demonstrated rapid cardiovascular decompensation.(More)
BACKGROUND Radiocontrast medium (RCM) administration induces a transient increase in renal blood flow (RBF), followed by a prolonged vasoconstriction. This vasoconstrictor phase in RBF is accompanied by a decrement in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Nonselective dopamine (DA) receptor stimulation is known to increase RBF and GFR. Clinical studies,(More)
Contrast ultrasonography may be used to assess regional tissue perfusion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new, commercially prepared ultrasound contrast agent (Albunex) in dogs. The injections were administered from peripheral intravenous (IV), right atrial (RA), and pulmonary artery (PA) sites. Acute pulmonary(More)
A series of homologous N-alkyl-4-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines was synthesized and examined for a dopamine-like ability to dilate the renal artery. The N-methyl derivative was equipotent to the 3',4'-dihydroxy derivative of the antidepressant agent nomifensine, indicating that the 8-amino group of the latter is not essential for(More)
Relative activity of domperidone as an antagonist of the two peripheral dopamine (DA) receptors, DA1 and DA2, was studied in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. Renal vasodilation produced by intra-arterial injection of DA into the phenoxybenzamine-pretreated renal vascular bed was the DA1-mediated response, while femoral vasodilation induced by dipropyl(More)
BACKGROUND Hibernating myocardium is defined as a state of persistently impaired myocardial function at rest due to reduced coronary blood flow that can partially or completely be restored to normal if the myocardial oxygen supply/demand relationship is favorably altered. Percutaneous laser revascularization (PMR) is an emerging catheter-based technique(More)
The introduction of drugs that could induce hypotension with different pharmacological actions would be advantageous because side effects unique to a specific drug could be minimized by selecting appropriate therapy. Specific dopamine-1, (DA1) and dopamine-2 (DA2) receptor agonists are now under clinical investigation. Fenoldopam mesylate is a specific DA1(More)
Intravenous (i.v.) infusions of SCH 23390 (R-(+)-8-chloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-3-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine-7- ol) produced dose-related antagonism of dopamine (DA)-induced renal vasodilation in phenoxybenzamine-treated dogs at infusion rates of 0.05, 0.15, and 0.5 microgram/kg/min. The highest rate of infusion, 0.5 microgram/kg/min, resulted in(More)
Lipoprotein phospholipid (PL) plays a major role in neutralization of endotoxin. This study tested the hypothesis that prophylactic administration of a PL-enriched emulsion (PRE), which augments PL content of serum lipoproteins and neutralizes endotoxin in vitro, would preserve cardiovascular function and improve survival in porcine septic peritonitis. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine 5'-diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) synthetase (PARS) contributes to mortality rate, myocardial dysfunction, and cardiovascular collapse in a porcine model of sepsis induced by implantation of an infected clot. DESIGN Prospective, random animal study. SETTING Research laboratory at(More)