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BACKGROUND Plant development is exquisitely sensitive to light. Seedlings grown in the dark have a developmentally arrested etiolated phenotype, whereas in the light they develop leaves and complete their life cycle. Arabidopsis de-etiolated 1 (det1) mutants develop like light-grown seedlings even when grown in the dark. DET1 encodes a nuclear protein that(More)
The endoderm of higher organisms is extensively patterned along the anterior/posterior axis. Although the endoderm (gut or E lineage) of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans appears to be a simple uniform tube, cells in the anterior gut show several molecular and anatomical differences from cells in the posterior gut. In particular, the gut esterase ges-1(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in developmental processes in addition to mediating plant adaptation to stress. In the current study, transcriptional response of 17 genes involved in ABA metabolism and transport has been examined in vegetative and reproductive organs exposed to cold and heat stress. Temperature stress activated(More)
We have identified an abscisic acid (ABA) and stress-responsive GRAM (Glucosyltransferases, Rab-like GTPase activators and Myotubularins) domain protein GER5 (GEm-Related 5) closely related to GEM (GLABRA2 Expression Modulator), a novel regulator of cell division and cell fate determination in epidermal cells. A loss-of-function T-DNA line (ger5-2) and(More)
Damaged DNA-binding proteins 1 and 2 (DDB1 and DDB2) are subunits of the damaged DNA-binding protein complex (DDB). DDB1 is also found in the same complex as DE-ETIOLATED 1 (DET1), a negative regulator of light-mediated responses in plants. Arabidopsis has two DDB1 homologs, DDB1A and DDB1B. ddb1a single mutants have no visible phenotype while ddb1b mutants(More)
In order to investigate the effects of HBK3, a spruce gene member of the class I KNOX family, during somatic embryogenesis, sense (HBK3-S) and antisense (HBK3-A) Norway spruce (Picea abies) lines were generated. Somatic embryos produced from these lines were then analysed at morphological and structural levels. Compared with control, differentiation of(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans digestive tract is composed of four distinct modules derived from separate cell lineages: anterior pharynx from the ABa lineage, posterior pharynx from the MS lineage, gut from the E lineage, and rectum from the ABp lineage. The C. elegans gut esterase gene (ges-1) is normally expressed in the embryonic gut or E lineage. However,(More)
We describe an experimental system in which to investigate DNA-protein interactions in the early Caenorhabditis elegans embryo. A homogeneous population of developmentally blocked mid-proliferation stage embryos can be produced by exposure to the deoxynucleotide analog fluorodeoxyuridine. These blocked embryos remain viable for days and express a number of(More)
To determine whether the color of illumination under which plants are grown, affects the structure of photosynthetic antennae, pea plants were grown under either blue-enriched, red-enriched, or white light. Carotenoid content of isolated chloroplasts was found to be insensitive to the color of illumination during growth, while chlorophyll a/b ratio in(More)
Damaged DNA Binding protein 1 (DDB1) is a conserved protein and a component of multiple cellular complexes. Arabidopsis has two homologues of DDB1: DDB1A and DDB1B. In this study we examine the role of DDB1A in Arabidopsis UV tolerance and DNA repair using a DDB1A null mutant (ddb1a) and overexpression lines. DDB1A overexpression lines showed higher levels(More)