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<i>Formal code inspections</i> are employed by teams of professional software engineers to identify software defects and improve the quality of software. After reviewing a piece of code individually, members of an inspection team come together to log the issues they have found, and to find new ones. Within the scope of a multi-institutional research project(More)
As with all nanomaterials, a large fraction of the atoms in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) reside at or near the surface. Consequently, surface chemistry will play a crucial role in determining the fate and transport of CNTs in aquatic environments. Frequently, oxygen-containing functional groups (surface oxides) are deliberately grafted into the CNT surface to(More)
A biologically active, high-strength tissue adhesive is needed for numerous medical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Integration of biomaterials or implants with surrounding native tissue is crucial for both immediate functionality and long-term performance of the tissue. Here, we use the biopolymer chondroitin sulphate (CS),(More)
Grafting oxygen-containing functional groups onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by acid treatment improves their dispersion in aqueous solutions, but there is a lack of quantitative information on the colloidal properties of oxidized CNTs. We have studied the influence that pH and electrolytes have in determining the colloidal stability of oxidized multiwalled(More)
As greater quantities of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) enter the environment, they will have an increasingly important effect on the availability and transport of aqueous contaminants. As a consequence of purification, deliberate surface functionalization, and/or exposure to oxidizing agents after release to the environment, CNTs often contain surface oxides(More)
Exposure of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to oxidizing acids and other oxidants introduces oxygen-containing functional groups such as hydroxyl, carboxyl, and carbonyl groups onto the surface. This research evaluated how changes in oxygen concentration and distribution of oxygen-containing functional groups influenced the sorption of aqueous zinc(More)
Although iron-based permeable reactive barriers are gaining importance for treating groundwater contaminants, little is currently known about the effect of cosolutes on barrier longevity. Because of their corrosion inhibiting properties, dissolved silica species are of particular concern. This research investigates the effect of silica on the reduction of(More)
To construct accurate risk assessment models for engineered nanomaterials, there is urgent need for information on the reactivity (or conversely, persistence) and transformation pathways of these materials in the natural environment. As an important step toward addressing this issue, we have characterized the products formed when aqueous C(60) clusters(More)
Given the increasing importance of communication, teamwork, and critical thinking skills in the computing profession, we believe there is good reason to provide students with increased opportunities to learn and practice those skills in undergraduate computing courses. Toward that end, we have been exploring <i>studio-based</i> instructional methods, which(More)
The kinetics of decomposition and subsequent chemistry of adsorbed CF(2)Cl(2), activated by low-energy electron irradiation, have been examined and compared with CCl(4). These molecules have been adsorbed alone and coadsorbed with water ice films of different thicknesses on metal surfaces (Ru; Au) at low temperatures (25 K; 100 K). The studies have been(More)