Dana F Simon

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In order to properly assess the environmental risk of engineered nanoparticles (ENP), it is necessary to determine their fate (including dissolution, aggregation, and bioaccumulation) under representative environmental conditions. CdTe/CdS quantum dots (QD), such as those used in medical imaging, are known to release Cd(2+) due (mainly) to the dissolution(More)
The widespread use of nanoparticles (NPs) raises concern over their potential toxicological effects in humans and ecosystems. Here we used transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) to evaluate the effects of exposure to four different metal-based NPs, nano-Ag (nAg), nano-TiO2 (nTiO2), nano-ZnO (nZnO), and CdTe/CdS quantum dots (QDs), in the eukaryotic green alga(More)
An important challenge in environmental biogeochemistry is the determination of the bioavailability of toxic and essential trace compounds in natural media. For trace metals, it is now clear that chemical speciation must be taken into account when predicting bioavailability. Over the past 20 years, equilibrium models (free ion activity model (FIAM), biotic(More)
To evaluate the effects of contaminants or nutrient limitation in natural waters, it is often desirable to perform controlled exposures of organisms. While in situ exposures are routine for caged organisms or macrophytes, they are extremely difficult to perform for microorganisms, mainly due to difficulties in designing an exposure device that isolates the(More)
In the natural environment, cadmium is often found as a trace contaminant. Due to the complexity of Cd speciation and the heterogeneity of natural systems and processes, it is often difficult to determine clear relationships between analytical measurements of Cd and its induced biological response. Measurements of gene induction can be used to identify(More)
In the natural environment, toxicant effects can be monitored by the signature mRNA expression patterns of genes that they generate in test organisms. The specificity and sensitivity of these transcriptome-based bioassays to a given toxicant can be confounded by temporal changes in biomarker mRNA expression, effects of other toxicants and hardness ions, and(More)
In situ measurements provide data that are the highly representative of the natural environment. In this paper, laboratory-determined biomarkers of Cd stress that were previously identified for the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, were tested in two French rivers: a contaminated site on the Riou Mort River and an "uncontaminated" reference site on the(More)
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