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Parietal lobe impairment is hypothesized to contribute to the dramatic visual-spatial deficits in Williams syndrome (WS). The authors examined the superior and inferior parietal lobule in 17 patients with WS and 17 control female adults (CNLs). The right and left superior parietal lobule gray matter volumes were significantly smaller in patients with WS(More)
OBJECTIVE Velocardiofacial syndrome results from a microdeletion on chromosome 22 (22q11.2). Clinical studies indicate that more than 30% of children with the syndrome will develop schizophrenia. The authors sought to determine whether neuroanatomical features in velocardiofacial syndrome are similar to those reported in the literature on schizophrenia by(More)
Human nuclear proteins P1Mcm3 and P1Cdc46 have high sequence similarities with the corresponding yeast proteins known to be required for the initiation of genome replication. Nuclei of proliferating HeLa cells contain relatively high amounts of P1Mcm3 (about 10(6) molecules/nucleus) of which only a small fraction is bound to a nuclear structure, most(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein that binds to integrin alpha v beta 3. Here we demonstrate that two other integrins, alpha v beta 1 and alpha v beta 5, are also receptors for OPN. Human embryonic kidney 293 cells adhere to human recombinant osteopontin (glutathione S-transferase-osteopontin; GST-OPN) using integrin alpha v beta 1. When(More)
A method is described that allows for the improvement of antibody affinity. This method, termed complementary-determining region (CDR) walking, does not require structural information on either antibody or antigen. Complementary-determining regions are targeted for random mutagenesis followed by selection for fitness, in this case increased binding(More)
Here we use a model RGD-containing ligand to study how Ca2+ and Mg2+ regulate ligand binding to beta3-integrins. Fab-9, an antibody that contains an optimized RGD loop in its antigen binding site (Barbas, C. F., Languino, L., and Smith, J. W. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 90, 10003-10007), was used as the model ligand. Across a physiologic range of(More)
The platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 mediates platelet aggregation and platelet adhesion. This integrin is the key to hemostasis and also to pathologic vascular occlusion. A key domain on alphaIIbbeta3 is the ligand binding site, which can bind to plasma fibrinogen and to a number of Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-type ligands. However, the nature and function of the(More)
Integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) is the fibrinogen receptor that mediates platelet adhesion and aggregation. The ligand binding function of alpha(IIb)beta(3) is "activated" on the platelet surface by physiologic stimuli. Two forms of alpha(IIb)beta(3) can be purified from platelet lysates. These forms are facsimiles of the resting (Activation State-1 or AS-1) and(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein that supports osteoclast adhesion to the bone by binding to integrin alpha v beta 3. We measured the binding between OPN and integrin alpha v beta 3 with recombinant human OPN and the urinary form of human OPN, uropontin. Recombinant OPN was expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with(More)
An antibody engineering strategy was employed to build high affinity ligands and antagonists of integrins alpha v beta 3 and alpha IIb beta 3. Previously, we inserted the integrin recognition motif, RGD, into the antigen binding site of a human antibody and selected the optimal flanking sequences from a phage-display library (Barbas, C. F., Languino, L. R.,(More)