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Recurrence of multiple myeloma (MM) after therapy suggests the presence of tumor-initiating subpopulations. In our study, we performed flow cytometry-based Hoechst 33342 staining to evaluate the existence of a MM population with stem-like features known as side population (SP) cells. SP cells exhibit substantial heterogeneity in MM cell lines and primary MM(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), also known as ABCB1, is a member of the ABC transporter family of proteins. P-gp is an ATP-dependent drug efflux pump that is localized to the plasma membrane of mammalian cells and confers multidrug resistance in neoplastic cells. P-gp is a 140-kDa polypeptide that is glycosylated to a final molecular weight of 170 kDa. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Isothiocyanates, a family of phytochemicals found in cruciferous vegetables, have cytotoxic effects against several types of tumor cells. Multiple myeloma is a fatal disease characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. The growing body of preclinical information on the anti-cancer activity of isothiocyanates led us to(More)
Metastasis as a complex process involves loss of adhesion, migration, invasion and proliferation of cancer cells. Sulforaphane (SFN) is one of naturally occurring cancer chemopreventive isothiocyanates found in cruciferous vegetables, consumption of which has been associated with reduced risk of cancer. In this study, we describe effect of SFN on various(More)
Cytotoxicity is one of the major defence mechanisms against both virus-infected and tumor cells. Radioactive (51)chromium ((51)Cr) release assay is a "gold standard" for assessment of natural killer (NK) cytolytic activity in vitro. Several disadvantages of this assay led us to design alternative tools based on flow cytometry analysis. Four different(More)
TLR4-mediated inflammatory responses are important for innate immune functions, thus their alterations may participate in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cortisol is one of the most potent immunomodulatory hormones involved in control of inflammation. In this study, we analyzed TLR4-mediated responses and cortisol effects on the process in(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of realgar nanoparticles and arsenic trioxide (ATO) on viability, DNA damage, proliferation, autophagy and apoptosis in the human melanoma cell lines BOWES and A375. The application of various flow cytometric methods for measurements cell viability, DNA cell cycle, mitochondrial potential, lysosomal(More)
For determining the malignant behavior of a tumor, paracrine interactions between stromal and cancer cells are crucial. We previously reported that fibroblast clustering induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), plasminogen activation, and programmed necrosis, all of which were significantly reduced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). We have now found(More)
Recombinant bacterial ghosts loaded with plasmids were tested as an antigen delivery system and as a potential mediator of maturation for human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs). Bacterial ghosts are cell envelopes derived from Gram-negative bacteria; the intracellular content is released by the controlled expression of plasmid-encoded lysis gene E of(More)
UNLABELLED BioBran, enzymatically modified arabinoxylan from rice bran was tested for its possible effects on in vitro maturation of human dendritic cells (DC). Immature DC (iDC) derived from plastic-adhered, IL-4 and GM-CSF treated peripheral monocytes (Mo) were further cultured with cytokine maturation mix 1 (CMM1; TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6) or CMM2(More)