Dana C Jones

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BACKGROUND The HIV Network for Prevention Trials (HIVNET) 012 trial showed that NVP resistance (NVPR) emerged in some women and children after the administration of single-dose nevirapine (SD-NVP). We tested whether K103N-containing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 variants persisted in women and infants 1 year or more after the administration of(More)
We developed the LigAmp assay for sensitive detection and accurate quantification of viruses and cells with single-base mutations. In LigAmp, two oligonucleotides are hybridized adjacently to a DNA template. One oligonucleotide matches the target sequence and contains a probe sequence. If the target sequence is present, the oligonucleotides are ligated(More)
INTRODUCTION We used a sensitive point mutation assay, LigAmp, to detect and quantify K103N-containing variants in African women who received single-dose nevirapine (NVP) to prevent mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission. METHODS Plasma for testing was collected 6 to 8 weeks postpartum from 301 women (144 subtype A, 63 subtype C, and 94 subtype D). RESULTS(More)
We analyzed the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor (NNRTI) susceptibility of 29 subtype A HIV-1 clones isolated from 10 Ugandan women after single-dose nevirapine (NVP) administration. Six clones had no NNRTI resistance-associated mutations ("wild type"), eight had K103N, nine had Y181C, five had G190A, and one had Y181S. Three clones(More)
The US Food and Drug Administration-cleared ViroSeq HIV-1 Genotyping System (ViroSeq) and other population sequencing-based human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genotyping methods detect antiretroviral drug resistance mutations present in the major viral population of a test sample. These assays also detect some mutations in viral variants that are(More)
There are three major classes of antiretroviral drugs approved in the United States for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection: protease inhibitors, nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). Unfortunately, the efficacy of these drugs is often limited(More)
The endophytic fungus, Muscodor albus produces several volatile compounds (alcohols, esters, ketones, acids and lipids) that are biocidal for a range of organisms including plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi, nematodes and insects. We studied the effects of these volatiles on 3-day-old potato tuber moth larvae within infested tubers inside sealed chambers.(More)
The HIVNET 012 trial in Uganda demonstrated that a regimen of single-dose nevirapine (NVP) can prevent HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission. Previous studies show that HIV-1 with one or more NVP resistance (NVPR) mutations can be selected in many women as early as 7 days after single-dose NVP. We evaluated the genetic linkage of NVPR mutations in plasma from(More)
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