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BACKGROUND Recent profile studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression have documented a deregulation of miRNA (miR-124) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). OBJECTIVE To determine the status of miR-124 expression and its underlying mechanisms in the pathogenesis of HCC. METHODS The expression levels of miR-124 were first examined in HCC cell lines and tumour(More)
An organosolv process involving extraction with hot aqueous ethanol has been evaluated for bioconversion of hybrid poplar to ethanol. The process resulted in fractionation of poplar chips into a cellulose-rich solids fraction, an ethanol organosolv lignin (EOL) fraction, and a water-soluble fraction containing hemicellulosic sugars, sugar breakdown(More)
Sulfotransferase (SULT) 1A1 is involved in the inactivation of estrogens and bioactivation of heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. A G--->A transition at codon 213 (CGC/Arg to CAC/His) of the SULT1A1 gene was reported recently, and individuals homozygous for the His allele have a substantially lower activity of this enzyme than those(More)
Recently, TWIST, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, has been reported to play a key role in the metastatic progression of several types of human cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of TWIST expression in bladder cancer using tissue microassays generated from 226 bladder tissue specimens. Using immunohistochemical(More)
Cytochrome P450-1B1 (CYP1B1) is a major enzyme catalyzing the formation of genotoxic 4-hydroxyestradiol. This enzyme is also involved in the activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic aromatic amines, mammary carcinogens in experimental animals. CYP1B1 is genetically polymorphic, and the variations in the CYP1B1 gene may be related to(More)
Glucagon maintains glucose homeostasis during the fasting state by promoting hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis. Hyperglucagonemia and/or an elevated glucagon-to-insulin ratio have been reported in diabetic patients and animals. Antagonizing the glucagon receptor is expected to result in reduced hepatic glucose overproduction, leading to overall(More)
Pretreatment of Douglas-fir by steam explosion produces a substrate containing approx 43% lignin. Two strategies were investigated for reducing the effect of this residual lignin on enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose: mild alkali extraction and protein addition. Extraction with cold 1% NaOH reduced the lignin content by only approx 7%, but cellulose to(More)
Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP 1), the nuclear effector of the Hippo pathway, is a key regulator of organ size and a candidate human oncogene in multiple tumors. However, the expression dynamics of YAP 1 in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) and its clinical/prognostic significance are unclear. In this study, the methods of quantitative real-time(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations of the HER2 (also known as erbB-2 or neu) proto-oncogene have been implicated in the carcinogenesis and prognosis of breast cancer. A polymorphism at codon 655 (GTC/valine to ATC /isoleucine [Val(655)Ile]) in the transmembrane domain-coding region of this gene has been identified and may be associated with the risk of breast cancer.(More)
Amplification of 3q26 is one of the most frequent chromosomal alterations in many solid tumors, including ovarian, lung, esophageal, prostate, breast, and nasopharyngeal cancers. A candidate oncogene to eukaryotic initiation factor 5A2 (eIF-5A2), a member of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A subfamily, has been isolated from a frequently amplified region at(More)