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Presenilins play essential roles in memory formation, synaptic function, and neuronal survival. Mutations in the Presenilin-1 (PSEN1) gene are the major cause of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). How PSEN1 mutations cause FAD is unclear, and pathogenic mechanisms based on gain or loss of function have been proposed. Here, we generated Psen1 knockin (KI)(More)
The RUNX/CBFbeta heterodimeric transcription factor plays an important role in regulating cell proliferation and differentiation in a variety of developmental contexts. Aberrant function of Runx and CBFbeta has been causally related to the development of various diseases, including acute myeloid leukemia, gastric cancer and cleidocranial dysplasia. The(More)
Recently, there has been much progress in algorithm development for image reconstruction in cone-beam computed tomography (CT). Current algorithms, including the chord-based algorithms, now accept minimal data sets for obtaining images on volume regions-of-interest (ROIs) thereby potentially allowing for reduction of X-ray dose in diagnostic CT. As these(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES). The Chinese version of BES was administered to a sample (n = 1,524) aged 9-18 and 65 males with conduct disorder aged 13-18. The result of confirmatory factor analysis showed a two-factor structure with four items deleted to be the(More)
A circular scanning trajectory is and will likely remain a popular choice of trajectory in computed tomography (CT) imaging because it is easy to implement and control. Filtered-backprojection (FBP)-based algorithms have been developed previously for approximate and exact reconstruction of the entire image or a region of interest within the image in(More)
PURPOSE To develop a hybrid approach to reduce computed tomography (CT) metal artifacts caused by the Fletcher-Suit applicator. METHODS AND MATERIALS Using the acquired raw projection data, the hybrid algorithm determines the separate contributions from the metal and non-metal objects. Next, reconstructions of metal and non-metal images are separately(More)
Algorithms have been developed for image reconstruction within a region-of-interest (ROI) from fan-beam data less than that required for reconstructing the entire image. However, these algorithms do not admit truncated data. In this work, we investigate exact ROI-image reconstruction from fan-beam data containing truncations by use of the so-called fan-beam(More)
Flightless I (Fli I) is an evolutionarily conserved member of the gelsolin family, containing actin-binding and severing activity in vitro. The physiological function of Fli I during animal development remains largely undefined. In this study, we reveal a key role of the Caenorhabditis elegans Fli I homolog, fli-1, in specifying asymmetric cell division and(More)
Mutations in the presenilin-1 (PSEN1) gene are associated with familial Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Interestingly, neuropathological analysis of a Belgian FTD family carrying a PSEN1 c.548G>T mutation confirmed neurodegeneration in the absence of amyloid plaques. To investigate the impact of the c.548G>T mutation on presenilin-1(More)
Non-circular scanning geometries such as helix or circular sinusoid have been used or proposed for cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), because they provide sufficient data for numerically stable and exact image reconstruction within the scanned volume. Analytic algorithms have been developed for image reconstruction from cone-beam data acquired with a(More)