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The behavior of white and red blood cells, platelets, and circulating injected particles is one of the most studied areas of physiology. Most methods used to analyze the circulatory patterns of cells are time consuming. We describe a system named CellTrack, designed for fully automated tracking of circulating cells and micro-particles and retrieval of their(More)
BACKGROUND Aerosol masks were originally developed for adults and downsized for children. Overall fit to minimize dead space and a tight seal are problematic, because children's faces undergo rapid and marked topographic and internal anthropometric changes in their first few months/years of life. Facial three-dimensional (3D) anthropometric data were used(More)
Traditional models of bendable surfaces are based on the exact or approximate invariance to deformations that do not tear or stretch the shape, leaving intact an intrinsic geometry associated with it. These geometries are typically defined using either the shortest path length (geodesic distance), or properties of heat diffusion (diffusion distance) on the(More)
Splanchnic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) causes tissue hypoxia that triggers local and systemic microcirculatory inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of hyperoxia in I/R induced by 40-min superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion and 120-min reperfusion in four groups of rats: 1) control (anesthesia only), 2) sham operated (all surgical procedures(More)
Hyperoxia after splanchnic ischemia/reperfusion 2 Abstract Splanchnic ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) causes tissue hypoxia that triggers local and systemic microcirculatory inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of hyperoxia in I/R induced by occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 40 min. followed by reperfusion (120 min) in rats.(More)
UNLABELLED The pediatric patient is to be found in hyperbaric facilities throughout the world, receiving hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy for both life-threatening and chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE To review the experience accumulated at the Israel Naval Medical Institute in the treatment of pediatric patients. DESIGN A retrospective analysis and review of(More)
BACKGROUND Redox-active iron, a catalyst in the production of hydroxyl radicals via the Fenton reaction, is one of the key participants in ROS-induced tissue injury and general inflammation. According to our recent findings, an excess of tissue iron is involved in several airway-related pathologies such as nasal polyposis and asthma. OBJECTIVE To examine(More)
Current practice of monitoring lung ventilation in neonatal intensive care units, utilizing endotracheal tube pressure and flow, end-tidal CO2, arterial O2 saturation from pulse oximetry, and hemodynamic indexes, fails to account for asymmetric pathologies and to allow for early detection of deteriorating ventilation. This study investigated the utility of(More)
The pulmonary capillary networks (PCNs) embody organ-specific microvasculatures, where blood vessels form dense meshes that maximize the surface area available for gas exchange in the lungs. With characteristic capillary lengths and diameters similar to the size of red blood cells (RBCs), seminal descriptions coined the term "sheet flow" nearly half a(More)
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