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A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out among 141 male subjects exposed to inorganic manganese (Mn) in a Mn oxide and salt producing plant (mean age 34.3 years; duration of exposure, mean 7.1 years, range 1-19 years). The results were compared with those of a matched control group of 104 subjects. The intensity of Mn exposure was moderate as(More)
To characterise the relation between pharyngeal anatomy and sleep related disordered breathing, 17 men with complaints of snoring were studied by all night polysomnography. Ten of them had obstructive sleep apnoea (mean (SD) apnoea-hypopnoea index 56.3 (41.7), age 52 (10) years, body mass index 31.4 (5.3) kg/m2); whereas seven were simple snorers(More)
WE studied eight Belgian subjects well advanced in the practice of hatha-yoga and compared them with eight sex-, age-, and height-matched control subjects. Practice of yoga (range 4-12 yr) involves control of posture and manipulation of breathing, including slow near-vital capacity maneuvers accompanied by apnea at end inspiration and end expiration.(More)
We have previously produced evidence that, in patients with obstructive lung disease, compliance of extrathoracic airways is responsible for lack of mouth-to-alveolar pressure equilibration during respiratory efforts against a closed airway. The flow interruption method for measuring respiratory resistance (Rint) is potentially faced with the same problems.(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking may cause inflammation of the airways and impairment of lung function. To determine the relationship between the type and degree of airways inflammation and the decline in lung function, leucocytes in the sputum of smokers and ex-smokers were examined. METHODS Forty six smokers and ex-smokers of median age 64 years (25%; 75% percentiles(More)
Inspiratory flow limitation (FL) during sleep has previously been reported both in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients and heavy snorers (HS). Recent results from this laboratory have shown the occurrence both of inspiratory and expiratory flow limitation during muscular relaxation in awake healthy subjects and OSA patients. In this study, we have(More)
A 41-yr-old psychologically disturbed woman presented with attacks of paroxystic dyspnea, laborious expiration, cough, and expiratory wheezing. She had been treated for bronchial asthma and had developed an iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. Wheezing had maximal intensity over the larynx, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed an almost closed glottis orifice(More)
Upper airway receptors are thought to contribute to upper airway stability by reducing collapsing forces. Their activity can be abolished by topical anesthesia. We have measured in 16 healthy volunteers (mean +/- SD age, 23.7 +/- 1.6 yr) specific airway conductance (SGaw), maximal inspiratory (MIFR) and expiratory (MEFR) flow rates before and 15, 35, and 45(More)
There is controversy on whether both primary and secondary pipe smokers do inhale tobacco smoke. We studied inhalation of tobacco smoke in 6 primary and 6 secondary pipe smokers and compared it with that in 20 cigarette smokers and 11 never smokers. Respiratory movements were assessed with inductive plethysmography, nasal flow through measurements of nasal(More)
Several organs (lung, skin, thyroid, heart, bone marrow) are potential targets of cobalt (Co). Whereas there is no doubt that inhalation of Co alone may cause bronchial asthma, its role in the occurrence of hard metal disease is still controversial because most cases were reported in workers exposed not only to Co but also to other substances such as(More)