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A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out among 141 male subjects exposed to inorganic manganese (Mn) in a Mn oxide and salt producing plant (mean age 34.3 years; duration of exposure, mean 7.1 years, range 1-19 years). The results were compared with those of a matched control group of 104 subjects. The intensity of Mn exposure was moderate as(More)
To characterise the relation between pharyngeal anatomy and sleep related disordered breathing, 17 men with complaints of snoring were studied by all night polysomnography. Ten of them had obstructive sleep apnoea (mean (SD) apnoea-hypopnoea index 56.3 (41.7), age 52 (10) years, body mass index 31.4 (5.3) kg/m2); whereas seven were simple snorers(More)
It has been shown that the pattern of breathing is modified when breathing through a mouthpiece (MP) with a noseclip (NC), although the reasons for this are not clear. We studied 14 healthy naïve subjects during unrestrained breathing, while connected to a spirometer without NC, and while connected to a spirometer with NC. Breathing pattern, studied with an(More)
A 41-yr-old psychologically disturbed woman presented with attacks of paroxystic dyspnea, laborious expiration, cough, and expiratory wheezing. She had been treated for bronchial asthma and had developed an iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. Wheezing had maximal intensity over the larynx, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed an almost closed glottis orifice(More)
WE studied eight Belgian subjects well advanced in the practice of hatha-yoga and compared them with eight sex-, age-, and height-matched control subjects. Practice of yoga (range 4-12 yr) involves control of posture and manipulation of breathing, including slow near-vital capacity maneuvers accompanied by apnea at end inspiration and end expiration.(More)
We have previously produced evidence that, in patients with obstructive lung disease, compliance of extrathoracic airways is responsible for lack of mouth-to-alveolar pressure equilibration during respiratory efforts against a closed airway. The flow interruption method for measuring respiratory resistance (Rint) is potentially faced with the same problems.(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking may cause inflammation of the airways and impairment of lung function. To determine the relationship between the type and degree of airways inflammation and the decline in lung function, leucocytes in the sputum of smokers and ex-smokers were examined. METHODS Forty six smokers and ex-smokers of median age 64 years (25%; 75% percentiles(More)
To demonstrate the role of extrathoracic airways in the overestimation of lung volumes by body plethysmography in airway obstruction, we induced in six normal subjects an artificial airway stenosis by inflating a balloon in the lower trachea. We measured thoracic gas volume in a body plethysmograph simultaneously from mouth pressure (Pm) vs.(More)
We hypothesized that structural airway remodeling contributes to airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma. Small, medium, and large airways were analyzed by computed tomography in 21 asthmatic volunteers under baseline conditions (FEV1 = 64% predicted) and after maximum response to albuterol (FEV1 = 76% predicted). The difference in pulmonary function(More)