Dan Stanescu

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A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out among 141 male subjects exposed to inorganic manganese (Mn) in a Mn oxide and salt producing plant (mean age 34.3 years; duration of exposure, mean 7.1 years, range 1-19 years). The results were compared with those of a matched control group of 104 subjects. The intensity of Mn exposure was moderate as(More)
To characterise the relation between pharyngeal anatomy and sleep related disordered breathing, 17 men with complaints of snoring were studied by all night polysomnography. Ten of them had obstructive sleep apnoea (mean (SD) apnoea-hypopnoea index 56.3 (41.7), age 52 (10) years, body mass index 31.4 (5.3) kg/m2); whereas seven were simple snorers(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking may cause inflammation of the airways and impairment of lung function. To determine the relationship between the type and degree of airways inflammation and the decline in lung function, leucocytes in the sputum of smokers and ex-smokers were examined. METHODS Forty six smokers and ex-smokers of median age 64 years (25%; 75% percentiles(More)
Increased upper airways (UA) collapsibility has been implicated in the pathogeny of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). An increased UA instability during expiration has recently been shown in healthy subjects. The present study assessed UA collapsibility in SDB patients by applying negative pressure during expiration. Full-night polysomnography was performed(More)
WE studied eight Belgian subjects well advanced in the practice of hatha-yoga and compared them with eight sex-, age-, and height-matched control subjects. Practice of yoga (range 4-12 yr) involves control of posture and manipulation of breathing, including slow near-vital capacity maneuvers accompanied by apnea at end inspiration and end expiration.(More)
Several organs (lung, skin, thyroid, heart, bone marrow) are potential targets of cobalt (Co). Whereas there is no doubt that inhalation of Co alone may cause bronchial asthma, its role in the occurrence of hard metal disease is still controversial because most cases were reported in workers exposed not only to Co but also to other substances such as(More)
It has been shown that the pattern of breathing is modified when breathing through a mouthpiece (MP) with a noseclip (NC), although the reasons for this are not clear. We studied 14 healthy naïve subjects during unrestrained breathing, while connected to a spirometer without NC, and while connected to a spirometer with NC. Breathing pattern, studied with an(More)
Inspiratory flow limitation (FL) during sleep has previously been reported both in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients and heavy snorers (HS). Recent results from this laboratory have shown the occurrence both of inspiratory and expiratory flow limitation during muscular relaxation in awake healthy subjects and OSA patients. In this study, we have(More)
The pulmonary diffusing capacity (DLCO SB) and its two components, the capillary blood volume (Vc) and the diffusing capacity of the membrane (DMCO), expressed in absolute values and per litre of alveolar volume (VA'), were measured at rest and on exercise in healthy male smokers and nonsmokers of similar age and height, and with identical values for(More)