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We use an innovative survey tool to collect management practice data from 732 medium sized manufacturing firms in the US, France, Germany and the UK. These measures of managerial practice are strongly associated with firm-level productivity, profitability, Tobin’s Q, sales growth and survival rates. Management practices also display significant(More)
We analyze the long-run trends in executive compensation using a new panel dataset of top executives in large publicly-held firms from 1936 to 2005, collected from historical corporate reports. In sharp contrast to the well-known steep upward trajectory of pay of the past thirty years, the median real value of compensation was remarkably flat from the end(More)
Seven women with histories of puerperal psychosis and four with histories of puerperal major depression were consecutively treated with high-dose oral estrogen immediately following delivery. None of the women had histories of nonpuerperal affective disorder, and all women were affectively well throughout the current pregnancy and at delivery. Despite the(More)
BACKGROUND The puerperium has typically been a period of risk for the development of psychiatric illness. Although postpartum depressive illness has been discussed extensively in the literature, obsessive compulsive disorder during pregnancy and puerperium has received little attention. METHOD Fifteen women with new-onset obsessive compulsive symptoms(More)
We survey the evidence bearing on measurement error in the CPI and provide our best estimate of the magnitude of CPI bias. We also identify a “weighting” bias in the CPI that has not been previously discussed in the literature. In total, we estimate that the CPI overstates the change in the cost of living by about 0.6 percentage point per year, with a(More)
This project owes a debt of gratitude to Don Mueller at R.L. Polk, Paul Sajak at American Automobile Manufacturers Association, Paul Harpel, Barbara Williams and Sue Ward at the Census Bureau, Bob Gish and Susan Liss at the Federal Highway Administration, Pat Hu at Oakridge National Laboratory, Everett Johnson at the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and Marti(More)
OBJECTIVE The postpartum period has typically been considered a time of heightened vulnerability for development of affective disorders, and women with bipolar disorder have consistently demonstrated vulnerability to puerperal worsening of mood. This retrospective study examined the extent to which mood-stabilizing agents provide prophylactic benefit to(More)
AMERICAN SAVING RATES have recently fallen to their lowest levels since 1950. After averaging roughly 8 percent in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, the net national saving rate fell to about 4.5 percent in the 1980s and has fallen below 2 percent since 1990.' The personal saving rate has also declined, from an average of 7 percent between 1950 and 1980 to an(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy has a variable impact on the course of panic disorder. Some patients describe diminished anxiety symptoms during pregnancy, while others note persistence or worsening of symptoms. METHOD We retrospectively evaluated the clinical course of 49 women with pregravid panic disorder across three trimesters of pregnancy and evaluated the(More)