Dan Rosenbaum

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During 1984–1996, welfare and tax policy were changed to encourage work by single mothers. The Earned Income Tax Credit was expanded, welfare beneŽts were cut, welfare time limits were added, and welfare cases were terminated. Medicaid for the working poor was expanded, as were training programs and child care. During this same time period there were(More)
Relatively little is known about the impact of welfare reform on children’s living arrangements, which was an important focus of reformers. We use data from the March CPS to examine this question. Our findings suggest three main conclusions. First, welfare reform in some cases has had large effects on parental co-residence among children. Second, those(More)
In recent years, approaches based on machine learning have achieved state-of-theart performance on image restoration problems. Successful approaches include both generative models of natural images as well as discriminative training of deep neural networks. Discriminative training of feed forward architectures allows explicit control over the computational(More)
Note: The authors are collaborators on a study of inequality in early childhood education and care, funded by the Russell Sage Foundation as part of its Social Inequality program. We would like to thank Eric Wanner and the Foundation for their support and would also like to thank Jay Bainbridge, Se-Ook Jeong, Katherine Magnuson, and Sakiko Tanaka for their(More)
We examine trends in self-employment among white and black men from 1910 to 1990 using Census and CPS microdata. Self-employment rates fell over most of the century and then started to rise after 1970. For white men, we find that the decline was due to declining rates within industries, but was counterbalanced somewhat by a shift in employment towards high(More)
The goal of subspace learning is to find a k-dimensional subspace of R, such that the expected squared distance between instance vectors and the subspace is as small as possible. In this paper we study the sample complexity of subspace learning in a partial information setting, in which the learner can only observe r ď d attributes from each instance(More)
A common criticism of tax and welfare policy is that these policies create disincentives for marriage, spurring recent calls for “welfare reform” or eliminating the “marriage penalty” in the federal income tax system. These criticisms are lobbied in the midst of a literature with little conclusive evidence on the effect of these policies on marriage.(More)