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Augmentation of nicotinic alpha7 receptor function is considered to be a potential therapeutic strategy aimed at ameliorating cognitive and mnemonic dysfunction in relation to debilitating pathological conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In the present report, a novel positive allosteric modulator of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
The neuronal α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors exist as two distinct subtypes, (α4)(2)(β2)(3) and (α4)(3)(β2)(2), and biphasic responses to acetylcholine and other agonists have been ascribed previously to coexistence of these two receptor subtypes. We offer a novel and radical explanation for the observation of two distinct agonist sensitivities.(More)
The present study describes the activity of two novel potent and selective AMPA receptor potentiator molecules LY392098 and LY404187. LY392098 and LY404187 enhance glutamate (100 microM) stimulated ion influx through recombinant homomeric human AMPA receptor ion channels, GluR1-4, with estimated EC(50) values of 1.77 microM (GluR1(i)), 0.22 microM(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several agonists of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) have been developed for treatment of cognitive deficits. However, agonist efficacy in vivo is difficult to reconcile with rapid alpha7 nAChR desensitization in vitro; and furthermore, the correlation between in vitro receptor efficacy and in vivo behavioural(More)
In the past few years the focus on central acetylcholine receptors has shifted from compounds with affinity for muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) to compounds with affinity for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). The therapeutic potential includes treatment of a variety of diseases, e.g., Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and(More)
Due to the cognitive-enhancing properties of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) agonists, they have attracted interest for the treatment of cognitive disturbances in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia typically presents in late adolescence or early adulthood. It is therefore important to study whether alpha7 nAChR stimulation activates brain(More)
Binding studies initially suggested that the muscarinic agonist, xanomeline, was a subtype selective muscarinic M(1) receptor agonist, and a potential new treatment for Alzheimer's disease. However, later in vitro and in vivo functional studies suggest that this compound is probably better described as a subtype selective M(1)/M(4) muscarinic receptor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Positive allosteric modulation of α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine (nACh) receptors could add a new dimension to the pharmacology and therapeutic approach to these receptors. The novel modulator NS9283 was therefore tested extensively. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Effects of NS9283 were evaluated in vitro using fluorescence-based Ca(2+) (More)
Enhancement of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) activity is considered a therapeutic approach for ameliorating cognitive deficits present in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In this study, we describe the in vitro profile of a novel selective alpha7 nAChR agonist, 5-(6-[(3R)-1-azabicyclo[2,2,2]oct-3-yloxy]pyridazin-3-yl)-1H-indole(More)
Included in the sequence of events leading to neuronal death in ischemic tissue following stroke is an excessive and toxic rise in the intracellular Ca(2+)-concentration, predominantly due to an influx of Ca2+ through nonselective cation-channels as well as Ca(2+)-channels. In the present study we have characterized the pharmacological profile and(More)