Dan Meir Livovsky

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Beta-glucosylceramide has been shown to affect natural killer T cell function in models of inflammation. We, therefore, investigated the effects of different beta-glycosphingolipids, including beta-glucosylceramide, on STAT (signal transducers and activators of transcription) signaling pathways and determined whether these effects were mediated by lipid(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has a high failure rate. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has proven very effective in treating these recurrences. OBJECTIVES To determine which method of fecal microbiota transplantation (upper or lower gastrointestinal) and which type of donor (a relative or unrelated) is(More)
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disorder. Cardiac abnormalities including intracardiac thrombi have been described in up to 16% of cases. The clinical presentation of cardiac complications in BD may include fever, dyspnea, chest pain, hemoptysis, and edema. We present 2 cases of patients who underwent surgical excision of(More)
UNLABELLED The integrity of lipid rafts in cell membranes is important for signal transduction. AIM To determine the distinct effects of beta-glycolipids on the composition of lipid rafts in natural killer T (NKT) cells and on the level of expression of flotillin-2, leukocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck), and STAT1-associated pathways. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED Soy-based diets are a major source of sphingolipids and play a complicated role in various aspects of the immune system. Administration of beta-glycolipids, including beta-glucosylceramide (GC), beta-lactosylceramide (LC) and a 1:1 combination of GC and LC (IGL) were shown to exert immune-modulatory effects. AIM To examine the effects of a(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of beta-glycosphingolipids on intra-hepatic natural killer T (NKT) lymphocyte regulatory function and on lymphocyte trapping via alteration of cell membrane lipid rafts. Immune-mediated colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. Mice were treated with(More)
Bordetella holmesii is a slow-growing, Gram-negative, non-oxidizing bacillus with colonies that produce a brown soluble pigment and was originally described by Weyant et al. (1995) as CDC nonoxidizer group 2 (NO-2). It has recently been shown that B. holmesii may be isolated from nasopharyngeal specimens of up to 20% of patients with pertussis-like(More)
UNLABELLED Glycolipid presentation to natural killer T (NKT) lymphocytes by CD1 proteins is important for antigen recognition. It was recently suggested that beta-glycolipids exert an immune-modulatory effect on NKT lymphocytes, alleviating immune-mediated disorders. The current study aimed to determine the effect of ligand structure on intrahepatic NKT(More)
BACKGROUND Non-responsiveness towards the currently used hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine is a major problem in attempts to protect against HBV infection. Several methods have been tested to overcome the lack of an effective immune response towards HBV antigens. Adjuvants that augment the immunologic reaction are essential components of the vaccines.(More)