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A longitudinal, prospective study was conducted on 3,020 aircraft employees to identify risk factors for reporting acute back pain at work. The premorbid data included individual physical, psychosocial, and workplace factors. During slightly more than 4 years of follow-up, 279 subjects reported back problems. Other than a history of current or recent back(More)
The in vitro viscoelastic "creep" behavior was examined in 18 cadaveric human lumbar motion segments subjected to static axial compressive loads. Axial deformation was followed for 30 min under constant applied load. Compressive material constants (moduli and viscosity coefficients) were then determined for each intervertebral disc using a linearization(More)
To evaluate the impact of back injury on industry, the authors conducted an extensive retrospective analysis of injuries among hourly employees of The Boeing Company, the largest industrial manufacturer in western Washington. The Boeing Company provided injury information on 31,200 employees for a 15-month period from July 1, 1979 to September 30, 1980.(More)
Bone in vivo stresses and moments were determined from rosette strain recordings obtained from the mid-diaphysis of growing exercising rats. Two activity groups were examined beginning at 3 weeks of age: 2 min day-1 and 45 min day-1 at 0.2 ms-1 in an exercise wheel. In vitro moment-strain curves were obtained during mechanical calibration tests on intact(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Many authors have evaluated the components responsible for ultimate pullout strength of pedicle screws. In these studies, one important variable has been the screw fixation. Because pedicle screw fixation has increased in popularity over recent years, so has the need for augmentation in difficult situations. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)(More)
Seventeen cadaveric human lumbar motion segments from eight spines were cyclically loaded in vitro under axial compression. Loading frequency and magnitude were chosen to simulate rigorous activity within an in vivo physiological level. The load magnitude was determined as a percentage of the ultimate compressive load, the latter estimated from the bone(More)
Herniated disc (HD), one of the major causes of low back pain, is often resolved spontaneously without surgical intervention. Resorption is associated with a marked increase in infiltrating macrophages, and the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) MMP-3 and MMP-7 have been implicated in this phenomenon. We developed a murine organ culture model in which intact(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Despite improvements through the use of prophylactic systemic antibiotics, surgical site infections remain a significant problem in the treatment of traumatic spine injuries. Infection rates as high as 10% have been reported in this population. The impact on patients and cost of treating such infections is profound. Local delivery of(More)
As part of a program of research aimed at determining the role of mechanical forces in connective tissue differentiation, we have developed a model for investigating the effects of dynamic compressive loading on chondrocyte differentiation in vitro. In the current study, we examined the influence of cyclic compressive loading of chick limb bud mesenchymal(More)