Learn More
Sodium channels are principal molecular determinants responsible for myocardial conduction and maintenance of the cardiac rhythm. Calcium ions (Ca2+) have a fundamental role in the coupling of cardiac myocyte excitation and contraction, yet mechanisms whereby intracellular Ca2+ may directly modulate Na channel function have yet to be identified. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND DNA variants appearing to predispose to drug-associated "acquired" long-QT syndrome (aLQTS) have been reported in congenital long-QT disease genes. However, the incidence of these genetic risk factors has not been systematically evaluated in a large set of patients with aLQTS. We have previously identified functionally important DNA variants in(More)
Phenotypic overlap of type 3 long QT syndrome (LQT3) with Brugada syndrome (BrS) is observed in some carriers of mutations in the Na channel SCN5A. While this overlap is important for patient management, the clinical features, prevalence, and mechanisms underlying such overlap have not been fully elucidated. To investigate the basis for this overlap, we(More)
INTRODUCTION The eMERGE (electronic MEdical Records and GEnomics) Network is an NHGRI-supported consortium of five institutions to explore the utility of DNA repositories coupled to Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems for advancing discovery in genome science. eMERGE also includes a special emphasis on the ethical, legal and social issues related to(More)
BACKGROUND Calmodulin kinase (CaMK) II is linked to arrhythmia mechanisms in cellular models where repolarization is prolonged. CaMKII upregulation and prolonged repolarization are general features of cardiomyopathy, but the role of CaMKII in arrhythmias in cardiomyopathy is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied a mouse model of cardiac hypertrophy(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia. Previous studies have identified several genetic loci associated with typical AF. We sought to identify common genetic variants underlying lone AF. This condition affects a subset of individuals without overt heart disease and with an increased heritability of AF. We report a meta-analysis of(More)
Although it is widely accepted that afterdepolarizations initiate arrhythmias when action potentials are prolonged, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that action potential prolongation would raise intracellular calcium and thereby activate the arrhythmogenic transient inward current (Iti). Furthermore, given that(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variability among patients plays an important role in determining the dose of warfarin that should be used when oral anticoagulation is initiated, but practical methods of using genetic information have not been evaluated in a diverse and large population. We developed and used an algorithm for estimating the appropriate warfarin dose(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies in which selected community populations are used have identified genomic signals in SCN10A influencing PR duration. The extent to which this can be demonstrated in cohorts derived from electronic medical records is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a genome-wide association study on 2334 European(More)