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Specific sensory input has profound transient and long-lasting effects on the function of corresponding sensory cortical areas both during development and in adulthood. To study whether neurotrophic factors might play a role in such processes, we investigated the effects of light on the nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA(More)
In the central nervous system brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) are predominantly located in neurons. Here we demonstrate that the balance between the activity of the glutamatergic and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic systems controls the physiological levels of BDNF and NGF mRNAs in hippocampal neurons in vitro and(More)
The mRNAs of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) exhibit a similar, though not identical, regional and cellular distribution in the rodent brain. In situ hybridization experiments have shown that BDNF, like NGF, is predominantly expressed by neurons. The neuronal localization of the mRNAs of these two neurotrophic(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is caused by disturbances in the structure and function of the ER with the accumulation of misfolded proteins and alterations in the calcium homeostasis. The ER response is characterized by changes in specific proteins, causing translational attenuation, induction of ER chaperones and degradation of misfolded proteins. In(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is widely expressed in the central nervous system, where its function is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of BDNF on the differentiation of hippocampal nonpyramidal neurons using organotypic slice cultures prepared from postnatal rats. The application of BDNF induced an increase(More)
In newborn rats the levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA (mRNANGF) and NGF receptor mRNA (mRNA(rec)) in the sciatic nerve were 10 and 120 times higher, respectively, than in adult animals. mRNA(rec) levels decreased steadily from birth, approaching adult levels by the third postnatal week, whereas mRNANGF levels decreased only after the first postnatal(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) was originally characterized as a survival factor for chick ciliary neurons in vitro. More recently, it was shown to promote the survival of a variety of other neuronal cell types and to affect the differentiation of E7 chick sympathetic neurons by inhibiting their proliferation and by inducing the expression of vasoactive(More)
Elevated brain glutamate with activation of neuronal glutamate receptors accompanies neurological disorders, such as epilepsy and brain trauma. However, the mechanisms by which excitotoxicity triggers neuronal injury are not fully understood. We have studied the glutamate receptor agonist kainic acid (KA) inducing seizures and excitotoxic cell death. KA(More)
We have studied the effects of different neurotrophins on the survival and proliferation of rat cerebellar granule cells in culture. These neurons express trkB and trkC, the putative neuronal receptors for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) respectively. Binding studies using iodinated BDNF and NT-3 demonstrated that both(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress occur in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but little is known about the molecular mechanisms controlling these events. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator that is a master regulator of oxidative stress and mitochondrial metabolism. We show here that(More)