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Implementation of fluid resuscitation and blood transfusion are greatly limited in prehospital or evacuation settings after severe trauma or war wounds. With uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock rats, we investigated if arginine vasopressin (AVP) in combination with norepinephrine (NE) is independent (or slightly dependent) of fluid resuscitation and can "buy"(More)
We identified nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), also known as pre-B cell colony enhancing factor (PBEF), as an essential enzyme mediating granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-triggered granulopoiesis in healthy individuals and in individuals with severe congenital neutropenia. Intracellular NAMPT and NAD+ amounts in myeloid cells, as(More)
We found that hematopoietic cell–specific Lyn substrate 1 (HCLS1 or HS1) is highly expressed in human myeloid cells and that stimulation with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) leads to HCLS1 phosphorylation. HCLS1 binds the transcription factor lymphoid-enhancer binding factor 1 (LEF-1), transporting LEF-1 into the nucleus upon G-CSF stimulation(More)
In this work, a novel chemiluminescence (CL) flow biosensor for glucose was proposed. Glucose oxidase (GOD), horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and gold nanoparticles were immobilized with sol-gel method on the inside surface of the CL flow cell. The CL detection involved enzymatic oxidation of glucose to d-gluconic acid and H(2)O(2), and then the generated(More)
INTRODUCTION Our previous studies demonstrated that 50-60 mmHg mean arterial blood pressure was the ideal target hypotension for uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock during the active hemorrhage in sexually mature rats. The ideal target resuscitation pressure for immature and older rats has not been determined. METHODS To elucidate this issue, using(More)
Vascular endothelial cell injury is considered to be the major factor inducing vascular complications in metabolic diseases and plays an important role in other organ damage. With diabetic and hyperlipidemic rats and cultured VSMCs, the present study was aimed at investigating whether the early damage of VSMCs during metabolic diseases plays a critical role(More)
In this study, a new chemiluminescence (CL) flow-through biosensor for glucose was developed by immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOD) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on the eggshell membrane with glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker. The CL detection involved enzymatic oxidation of glucose to D-gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and then H2O2 oxidizing(More)
AIMS Vascular reactivity shows biphasic changes after severe trauma or shock. Our aim was to elucidate the mechanisms of biphasic-changed vascular reactivity after haemorrhagic shock by observing the regulation of angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) on it. METHODS AND RESULTS Haemorrhagic-shock Sprague-Dawley rats, hypoxia-treated superior(More)
Several medical conditions exhibit age- and sex-based differences. Whether or not traumatic shock exhibits such differences with regard to vascular responsiveness is not clear. In a cohort of 177 healthy subjects and 842 trauma patients (21-82 years) as well as different ages (4, 8, 10, 14, 18, and 24 wk; 1 and 1.5 years) and sexes of Sprague-Dawley normal(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often associated with uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock (UHS), which contributes significantly to the mortality of severe trauma. Studies have demonstrated that permissive hypotension resuscitation improves the survival for uncontrolled hemorrhage. What the ideal target mean arterial pressure (MAP) is for TBI with UHS(More)