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Regulation of mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) permeability has dual importance: in normal metabolite and energy exchange between mitochondria and cytoplasm and thus in control of respiration, and in apoptosis by release of apoptogenic factors into the cytosol. However, the mechanism of this regulation, dependent on the voltage-dependent anion channel(More)
Here we show that p53 protein is physically associated with tubulin in vivo and in vitro, and that it localizes to cellular microtubules. Treatment with vincristine or paclitaxel before DNA-damage or before leptomycin B treatment reduces nuclear accumulation of p53 and expression of mdm2 and p21. Overexpression of dynamitin or microinjection of anti-dynein(More)
Acquired resistance to paclitaxel can be mediated by P-glycoprotein or by alterations involving tubulin. We report two paclitaxel-resistant sublines derived from 1A9 human ovarian carcinoma cells. Single-step paclitaxel selection with verapamil yielded two clones that are resistant to paclitaxel and collaterally sensitive to vinblastine. The resistant(More)
Vinca site agents are antimicrotubule compounds that bind to the same site on tubulin as do the vinca alkaloids. These include agents that induce the formation of nonmicrotubule oligomers of tubulin (vinblastine and vincristine) and agents that do not (maytansine and rhizoxin). All of these quench the fluorescence of tubulin upon binding. Quenching(More)
Cleavage of tubulin by subtilisin removes a small (Mr less than 2000) fragment from the C-terminal end of both alpha and beta subunits. The resulting protein is much reduced in negative charge. The cleaved, less acidic protein retains its competence to polymerize in a GTP-dependent and cold-, GDP-, and podophyllotoxin-sensitive manner and assembles into(More)
Limited proteolysis of rat brain tubulin (alpha beta) by subtilisin cleaves a 1-2-kDa fragment from the carboxyl-terminal ends of both the alpha and beta subunits with a corresponding loss in negative charge of the proteins. The beta subunit is split much more rapidly (and exclusively at 5 degrees C), yielding a protein with cleaved beta and intact alpha(More)
By preventing deacetylation of histones, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) transcriptionally induce p21. Here we show that the HDIs sodium butyrate (Bu), trichostatin A (TSA) and depsipeptide (FR901228) all induced p21, but only TSA and FR901228 caused mitotic arrest (in addition to arrest in G1 and G2). The ability to cause mitotic arrest correlated(More)
We have previously shown that rat brain tubulin, a heterodimer consisting of an alpha and beta monomer, can be covalently labeled with [3H]colchicine by near UV irradiation. Most of the label appears in beta-tubulin. We show here that beta-tubulin can be separated and purified from SDS preparative gels and analyzed by proteolysis. Chymotrypsin yielded a(More)
Hemiasterlins are sponge-derived tripeptides that inhibit cell growth by depolymerizing existing microtubules and inhibiting microtubule assembly. Since hemiasterlins are poor substrates for P-glycoprotein, they are attractive candidates for cancer therapy and have been undergoing clinical trials. The basis of resistance to a synthetic analogue of(More)