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BACKGROUND Temporal-spatial gait parameters improve following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but lower limb kinematics and moments fail to match those of age-matched healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to determine whether quadriceps strength, clinical measures of knee function, lower limb kinematics, and joint moments improve following(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA) and genu varum use different movement and muscle activation patterns to increase joint stability during gait. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether opening-wedge high-tibial osteotomy (OW-HTO) corrected pathomechanical abnormalities associated with the progression of knee(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence that knee braces used for the treatment of osteoarthritis mediate pain relief and improve function by unloading the joint (increasing the joint separation) remains inconclusive. Alternatively, valgus-producing braces may mediate pain relief by mechanically stabilizing the joint and reducing muscle cocontractions and joint compression. In(More)
Eight healthy male subjects had intra-cortical bone-pins inserted into the proximal tibia and distal femur. Three reflective markers were attached to each bone-pin and four reflective markers were mounted on the skin of the tibia and thigh, respectively. Roentgen-stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) was used to determine the anatomical reference frame of(More)
We investigated the effects of including kinematic constraints in the analysis of knee kinematics from skin markers and compared the result to simultaneously recorded trajectories of bone pin markers during gait of six healthy subjects. The constraint equations that were considered for the knee were spherical and revolute joints, which have been frequently(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether knee flexion influenced bony contact movements during flexion. DESIGN Accurate three-dimensional (3D) measurements of tibiofemoral bony contact points in vivo was performed using magnetic resonance imaging technology at 0 degrees, 30 degrees and 60 degrees of flexion. BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging is an accurate(More)
The purpose of this review article is twofold: to report on the use of intracortical pins to measure three-dimensional tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joint kinematics and highlight methodological concerns associated with this procedure. Tibiofemoral and patellofemoral kinematics has been extensively investigated using reflective markers attached to the(More)
In order to identify abnormal or pathological motions associated with clinically relevant questions such as injury mechanisms or factors leading to joint degeneration, it is essential to determine the range of normal tibiofemoral motion of the healthy knee. In this study we measured in vivo 3D tibiofemoral motion of the knee during gait and characterized(More)
BACKGROUND For persons with unicompartment knee osteoarthritis (OA), off-unloader braces are a mechanical intervention designed to reduce pain, improve physical function, and possibly slow disease progression. Pain relief is thought to be mediated by distracting the involved compartment via external varus or valgus forces applied to the knee. In so doing,(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) experience knee laxity and instability. Strategies aimed at muscle stabilization may influence the long-term integrity of the joint. This study sought to determine how individuals with medial knee OA respond to a rapid valgus knee movement, to investigate the relationship between(More)