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A major Bacillus anthracis spore coat protein of 13.4 kDa, designated Cot alpha, was found only in the Bacillus cereus group. A stable ca. 30-kDa dimer of this protein was also present in spore coat extracts. Cot alpha, which is encoded by a monocistronic gene, was first detected late in sporulation, consistent with a sigma(K)-regulated gene. On the basis(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the accuracy of routine ultrasonic and clinical birth weight estimation. METHODS The study sample included 1717 women with singleton pregnancies, admitted in early labor with an ultrasonic estimated fetal weight (EFW) performed during the preceding week. Clinical EFW was obtained before rupture of the membranes by the attending senior(More)
The use of an extraamniotic catheter balloon, inflated above the internal cervical os, has been advocated as a nonpharmacological, mechanical method of cervical ripening before induction of labor. Additional measures may include applying traction on the catheter, or the infusion of normal saline (1 ml/min) via the catheter's port into the extraamniotic(More)
Fetal breathing movements were recorded before elective labor induction in 65 patients with uncomplicated prolonged pregnancies. Breathing activity was observed in 41 patients and was absent in 24. Comparison of these two groups indicated that the induction period was significantly shorter and the oxytocin requirement significantly lower in the group with(More)
1. It was recently proposed that acetylcholinesterase (AChE), in addition to its esteratic activity, has proteolytic activity such that it may cleave theβ-amyloid precursor (β-APP) within theβ-amyloid sequence. The purpose of this paper was to examine further whether AChE or butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) had associated proteinase activity that was involved(More)
Patterns of fetal drinking behavior were quantified in five singleton fetuses (128 +/- 1 days gestation) by computer analysis of laryngeal-esophageal electromyography (EMG) and thoracic esophageal fluid flow. Esophageal flow was noted to be bidirectional with an average antegrade flow-to-retrograde flow ratio of 4.4 +/- 1.5. Retrograde esophageal flow(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We evaluated the effect of two different preload solutions: (i) Ringer's lactate (compound sodium lactate intravenous infusion BP) and (ii) 0.9% sodium chloride solution on the neonatal acid-base status of the newborn infants. The two standard regimens were compared to detect a possible difference. METHODS A 2 L crystalloid fluid(More)
OBJECTIVE To present prenatal findings and maternal and neonatal outcomes following second- and early third-trimester spontaneous antepartum uterine rupture events in our institute. METHOD Charts of patients with full-thickness second- or early third-trimester symptomatic uterine ruptures locally treated between 1984 and 2007 were evaluated. RESULTS(More)
We performed a metaanalysis of publications comparing the efficacy and safety of cervical ripening and labor induction by Foley catheter balloon (FCB) vs locally applied prostaglandins (LAPG) in the third trimester of pregnancy. Twenty-seven randomized controlled trials (1966-2008; 3532 participants) were selected from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL searches.(More)