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Start performance (as defined by time to 15 m) has been shown to be a key performance indicator during 50-m freestyle swimming; however, there is limited information with regard to the key strength and power variables that influence start performance during sprint swimming. In light of the above, this study aimed to examine the key strength and power(More)
Three men and three women were exposed to transients of air temperature (range, 16--48 degrees C). Whole-body sweating rate, local tissue heat flows, and O2 consumption in the cold were linearly related to a weighted sum of tympanic and mean skin temperatures, called "central drive," During changes in air temperature, changes in subjects' scaled estimates(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of postactivation potentiation (PAP) on swim start performance (time to 15 m) in a group of international sprint swimmers. Nine international sprint swimmers (7 men and 2 women) volunteered and gave informed consent for this study, which was approved by the university ethics committee. Initially, swimmers(More)
This study examined the validity of 2 kinematic systems for estimating force and power during squat jumps. 12 weight-trained males each performed single repetition squat jumps with a 20-kg, 40-kg, 60-kg and 80-kg load on a Kistler portable force plate. A commercial linear position transducer (Gymaware [GYM]) and accelerometer (Myotest® [MYO]) were attached(More)
There is considerable conflict within the literature regarding the relevance of isometric testing for the assessment of neuromuscular function within dynamic sports. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between isometric measures of force development and dynamic performance. Thirty-nine professional rugby league players participated in(More)
Following a bout of heavy resistance training, the muscle is in both a fatigued and potentiated state with subsequent muscle performance depending on the balance between these two factors. To date, there is no uniform agreement about the optimal acute recovery required between the heavy resistance training and subsequent muscle performance to gain(More)
The time profile of alveolar PCO2 within the respiratory cycle has been forced to follow contrasting patterns in alternate breaths, in two different ways. Within-breath changes (w.b.c., with a CO2-rich inspirate supplied early or late in alternate inspirations) involved minimal alternation of end-tidal PCO2. Between-breath changes (b.b.c., with whole(More)
The use of weighted sled towing as a training tool to improve athlete acceleration has received considerable attention; however, its effectiveness for developing acceleration is equivocal. This study compared the effects of combined weighted sled towing and sprint training against traditional sprint training on 10 and 30 m speed in professional rugby union(More)
Respiratory drives follow various afferent pathways to the respiratory centres; nevertheless, steady-state breathing patterns described in terms of tidal volumes and phase durations are largely independent of the nature of the respiratory stimulus. Flow has now been recorded during steady states from six subjects in rest and hyperpnoea induced by exercise,(More)
Five healthy young male subjects were maintained in a state of mild asphyxia (PA, CO2 approximately 45 torr, 6.0 kPa, PA, O2 approximately 50 torr, 6.6 kPa), i.e. with moderately strong drives from both arterial and intracranial chemoreceptors VT, TT and TI were recorded and V and TE derived breath by breath. The arterial chemoreceptor component was briefly(More)