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We have tested the feasibility of producing large quantities of human serum albumin (HSA) in the milk of transgenic livestock by generating transgenic mice as a model system. The sheep beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) 5'-regulatory promoter sequences were used to support expression of BLG or HSA in transgenic mice. Transgenic animals generated from the entire BLG(More)
Various agents are able to stimulate the EGF receptor protein tyrosine kinase in the absence of ligand binding. To characterize their mechanism of action, we investigated their effects on the kinase activity of the intracellular domain of the EGF receptor (EGFR-IC). EGFR-IC (67 kDa) lacking the extracellular domain and transmembrane segment of the EGF(More)
Canine bone marrow stromal cells were expanded to numbers in excess of 10(9) cells from the initial 10-20 ml of marrow aspirates and transfected to express high levels of human growth hormone (hGH) in vitro. Ex vivo-modified marrow stromal cells were used in a gene therapy model system for the systemic delivery of transgene products in dogs. Adherent bone(More)
Phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma) and GTPase activating protein (GAP) are substrates of EGF, PDGF and other growth factor receptors. Since either PLC-gamma or GAP also bind to the activated receptors it was suggested that their SH2 domains are mediating this association. We attempted to delineate the specific region of the EGF receptor that is responsible(More)
We have tested one aspect of the allosteric dimerization model for the activation of EGF receptor (EGFR) by EGF: whether EGF binding favors dimerization of the receptor. For this to be true, EGF molecules must bind with higher affinity to dimeric receptors than to monomeric receptors. We have tested this directly in a defined system using the soluble,(More)
Ligand-induced oligomerization is a universal phenomenon among growth factor receptors. Although the mechanism involved is yet to be defined, much evidence indicates that receptor oligomerization plays a crucial role in receptor activation and signal transduction. Here we show that epidermal growth factor (EGF) is able to stimulate the oligomerization of a(More)
A new series of expression vectors, each comprised of the beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) promoter driving one of a variety of human serum albumin (HSA) minigenes or the entire gene, were evaluated for their ability to direct expression of HSA in vitro in COS tissue culture cells and into the milk of transgenic mice. Vectors directed a hierarchy of expression(More)
We studied the expression of human serum albumin (HSA) driven by the ovine beta-lactoglobulin promoter in the mammary glands of lactating mice from five independent transgenic strains, by employing combined in situ hybridization and immunostaining techniques. Four strains displayed a heterogeneous pattern of expression: mice of strains 91 and 92 expressed(More)
The binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to its cell surface receptor (EGF-R) results in a number of intracellular responses including the activation of the receptor intracellular tyrosine kinase. Receptor oligomerization induced by ligand binding has been suggested to play an important role in signal transduction. However, the mechanisms involved in(More)