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BACKGROUND Behind armor blunt trauma (BABT) is defined as the nonpenetrating injury resulting from a ballistic impact on personal body armor. The protective vest may impede the projectile, but some of the kinetic energy is transferred to the body, causing internal injuries and occasionally death. The aim in this study was to investigate changes in(More)
The potential pathophysiological role of circulating microparticles (MPs) has been recognized in various conditions, such as cardiovascular and thrombotic diseases. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a complex pathophysiology that involves coagulopathy and inflammation. We investigated endothelial-, platelet-, and leukocyte-derived microparticles (EMPs, PMPs,(More)
INTRODUCTION In mass-casualty situations, communications and information management to improve situational awareness is a major challenge for responders. In this study, the feasibility of a prototype system that utilizes commercially available, low-cost components, including Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and mobile phone technology, was tested in(More)
The most-used safety recommendation for protective vests is that the impact should not cause more than a 44-mm impression in plasticine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this criterion was sufficient if the vest was exposed to a high-velocity projectile. We tested the hypothesis with pigs divided into a 40-mm group (n = 10) and a 34-mm group(More)
BACKGROUND Injured lungs are sensitive to fluid resuscitation after trauma. Such treatment can increase lung water content and lead to desaturation. Hypertonic saline with dextran (HSD) has hyperosmotic properties that promote plasma volume expansion, thus potentially reducing these side effects. The aim of this study was to (1) evaluate whether fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Behind armor blunt trauma (BABT) is defined as the nonpenetrating injury resulting from a ballistic impact on body armor. Some of the kinetic energy is transferred to the body, causing internal injuries and, occasionally, death. The aim of this study was to investigate if apnea and other pathophysiological effects after BABT is a vagally mediated(More)
INTRODUCTION Large, functional, disaster exercises are expensive to plan and execute, and often are difficult to evaluate objectively. Command and control in disaster medicine organizations can benefit from objective results from disaster exercises to identify areas that must be improved. OBJECTIVE The objective of this pilot study was to examine if it is(More)
BACKGROUND Body armor is used by military personnel, police officers, and security guards to protect them from fatal gunshot injuries to the thorax. The protection against high-velocity weapons may, however, be insufficient. Complementary trauma attenuating backings (TAB) have been suggested to prevent morbidity and mortality in high-velocity weapon trauma.(More)
BACKGROUND Registration of data from a major incident or disaster serves several purposes such as to record data for evaluation of response as well as for research. Data needed can often be retrieved after an incident while other must be recorded during the incident. There is a need for a consensus on what is essential to record from a disaster response.(More)
INTRODUCTION Hospitals are expected to continue to provide medical care during disasters. However, they often fail to function under these circumstances. Vulnerability to disasters has been shown to be related to the socioeconomic level of a country. This study compares hospital preparedness, as measured by functional capacity, between Iran and Sweden. (More)