Dan Goldwasser

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Current approaches to semantic parsing, the task of converting text to a formal meaning representation, rely on annotated training data mapping sentences to logical forms. Providing this supervision is a major bottleneck in scaling semantic parsers. This paper presents a new learning paradigm aimed at alleviating the supervision burden. We develop two novel(More)
This paper proposes a general learning framework for a class of problems that require learning over latent intermediate representations. Many natural language processing (NLP) decision problems are defined over an expressive intermediate representation that is not explicit in the input, leaving the algorithm with both the task of recovering a good(More)
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) attract a large number of student registrations, but recent studies have shown that only a small fraction of these students complete their courses. Student dropouts are thus a major deterrent for the growth and success of MOOCs. We believe that understanding student engagement as a course progresses is essential for(More)
Maintaining and cultivating student engagement is critical for learning. Understanding factors affecting student engagement will help in designing better courses and improving student retention. The large number of participants in massive open online courses (MOOCs) and data collected from their interaction with the MOOC open up avenues for studying student(More)
Instructor intervention in student discussion forums is a vital component in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), where personalized interaction is limited. This paper introduces the problem of predicting instructor interventions in MOOC forums. We propose several prediction models designed to capture unique aspects of MOOCs, combining course information,(More)
Machine learning offers a range of tools for training systems from data, but these methods are only as good as the underlying representation. This paper proposes to acquire representations for machine learning by reading text written to accommodate human learning. We propose a novel form of semantic analysis called reading to learn, where the goal is to(More)
We present a novel approach for structure prediction that addresses the difficulty of obtaining labeled structures for training. We observe that structured output problems often have a companion learning problem of determining whether a given input possesses a good structure. For example, the companion problem for the part-ofspeech (POS) tagging task asks(More)
We present an approach to textual entailment recognition, in which inference is based on a shallow semantic representation of relations (predicates and their arguments) in the text and hypothesis of the entailment pair, and in which specialized knowledge is encapsulated in modular components with very simple interfaces. We propose an architecture designed(More)
This paper introduces a new method for identifying named-entity (NE) transliterations in bilingual corpora. Recent works have shown the advantage of discriminative approaches to transliteration: given two strings (ws, wt) in the source and target language, a classifier is trained to determine if wt is the transliteration of ws. This paper shows that the(More)