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CONTEXT Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening medical emergency associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Data are limited regarding the effect of recent imaging and therapeutic advances on patient care and outcomes in this setting. OBJECTIVE To assess the presentation, management, and outcomes of acute aortic dissection. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of mitral-valve prolapse among patients with embolic stroke (28 to 40 percent), especially among young patients (those < or =45 years old); this finding has practical implications for prophylaxis. However, diagnostic criteria for prolapse have changed and are now based on three-dimensional analysis(More)
AIMS Systolic dysfunction in septic shock is well recognized and, paradoxically, predicts better outcome. In contrast, diastolic dysfunction is often ignored and its role in determining early mortality from sepsis has not been adequately investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS A cohort of 262 intensive care unit patients with severe sepsis or septic shock(More)
BACKGROUND There are less data on the clinical and diagnostic imaging characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients with previous cardiac surgery (PCS) presenting with acute type A aortic dissection (AAD). METHODS AND RESULTS In 617 patients with AAD, we evaluated the differences in the clinical characteristics, management, and in-hospital(More)
Thromboembolism is a major complication of long-term central venous catheter, usually associated with catheter or venous occlusion. Intracavitary right atrial thrombosis is currently considered to result from line-tip thrombosis extension. We report three adult patients in whom repeated mechanical trauma to the right atrial wall was probably the main(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this multicenter study was to determine the reliability of visual assessments of segmental wall motion (WM) abnormalities and global left ventricular function among highly experienced echocardiographers using contemporary echocardiographic technology in patients with a variety of cardiac conditions. METHODS The reliability of(More)
The combination of diagnostic angiography and angioplasty as a single procedure is becoming common practice in many institutions, but the feasibility and safety of this strategy have not been reported. This report describes 2,069 patients who underwent coronary angioplasty over a 3-year period at an institution where combined angiography and angioplasty is(More)
OBJECTIVES The most important predictors for failure of the maze procedure are long standing atrial fibrillation (AF), rheumatic heart disease (RHD), and enlarged atria. It is well documented, however, that some patients have recurrence of atrial arrhythmia only late in follow-up. The aims of this study are to assess the effectiveness of the maze procedure(More)
Cardiac tamponade (TMP) is a life-threatening complication of acute type A aortic dissection (AAD). The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of TMP in the setting of AAD on the basis of the findings in the large cohort of the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD). Six hundred(More)
High levels of microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF) expression have been described in several cell types, including melanocytes, mast cells, and osteoclasts. MITF plays a pivotal role in the regulation of specific genes in these cells. Although its mRNA has been found to be present in relatively high levels in the heart, its cardiac role has never(More)