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  • Influence
Voter Learning in the 2004 Presidential Election: Did the Media Matter?
This study examines the relationships of exposure and attention to various news media, including the Internet, with information learned about the issue positions of candidates George Bush and JohnExpand
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Audio-Visual Redundancy and TV News Recall
This experimental study examines the effects of audio and visual redundancy on recall and story understanding in television news. College students viewed a series of voice-over news stories thatExpand
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Voter Learning and Interest in the 2000 Presidential Election: Did the Media Matter?
This study examines the relationships of exposure and attention to various news media, including the Internet, with information learned about the issue positions of candidates George Bush and AlExpand
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Crime Cultivation: Comparisons Across Media Genres and Channels
This study tests the idea that TV genres (crime drama, reality cop shows, news) and channels (TV and newspapers) vary in their potential to cultivate perceptions, fears, and behavior related toExpand
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Voter Learning in the 1992 Presidential Election: Did the “Nontraditional” Media and Debates Matter?
This study is based on telephone interviews with a random sample of 504 adult Indiana residents from 21 October to 2 November 1992. Through hierarchical multiple regression analyses it seeks to testExpand
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Voter Learning in the 1996 Presidential Election: Did the Media Matter?
This study examines the relationships of exposure and attention to various news media with information learned about the issue positions of 1996 U.S. presidential candidates Bill Clinton, Bob Dole,Expand
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Media Attention, Media Exposure, and Media Effects
This study finds that audience exposure and attention to three media—newspapers, television news, and radio news—are separate dimensions, based on a telephone survey of 234 individuals 18 years oldExpand
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Voter Learning in the 1990 Off-Year Election: Did the Media Matter?
This study measures how much voters in one Midwestern city and state learned about the issue positions of two 1990 U.S. Senate candidates, and what images of these candidates they formed fromExpand
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Voter Learning in the 1988 Presidential Election: Did the Debates and the Media Matter?
This study found that the 1988 televised debates between Republican George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis did lead to greater knowledge of campaign issues. The debates proved more influential onExpand
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Reporters' Attitudes, Expected Meetings with Source and Journalistic Objectivity
,Although the concept of objectivity is a cornerstone of 20th century journalism, behavioral research suggests it is extremely difficult to achieve. The reporter makes many decisions during hisExpand
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