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The mutants used to show that phosphoglucose isomerase, and glucose itself, are not essential components of Escherichia coli had not been characterized genetically, other than by mapping. We now describe two new pgi mutants, one amber and the other a Mu-phage insertion, presumably both complete inactivation mutations. The new mutations do not give a(More)
A single gene mutant lacking phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi) was selected after ethyl methane sulfonate mutagenesis of Escherichia coli strain K-10. Enzyme assays revealed no pgi activity in the mutant, whereas levels of glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and gluconate-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were similar in parent and mutant. The amount of(More)
A mutant of Rhizobium meliloti selected as unable to grow on L-arabinose also failed to grow on acetate or pyruvate. It grew, but slower than the parental strain, on many other carbon sources. Assay showed it to lack alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (kgd) activity, and revertants of normal growth phenotype contained the activity again. Other enzymes of the(More)
Glucose uptake mutants have not been previously obtained in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, possibly because there seem to be at least two transport systems, of low and high affinities. We showed that snf3 (sucrose nonfermenting) mutants did not express high-affinity glucose uptake. Furthermore, their growth was completely impaired on low concentrations of(More)
Glucose is metabolized in Escherichia coli chiefly via the phosphoglucose isomerase reaction; mutants lacking that enzyme grow slowly on glucose by using the hexose monophosphate shunt. When such a strain is further mutated so as to yield strains unable to grow at all on glucose or on glucose-6-phosphate, the secondary strains are found to lack also(More)