Dan Fraenkel

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A single gene mutant lacking phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi) was selected after ethyl methane sulfonate mutagenesis of Escherichia coli strain K-10. Enzyme assays revealed no pgi activity in the mutant, whereas levels of glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and gluconate-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were similar in parent and mutant. The amount of(More)
Transketolase mutants have been selected after ethyl methane sulfonate mutagenesis of Escherichia coli. These strains are unable to grow on any pentose and, in addition, require a supplement of aromatic amino acids or shikimic acid for normal growth on any other carbon source. Revertants are normal in both respects and also contain transketolase.(More)
Screening of a mutagenized strain carrying a multicopy ENO1-'lacZ fusion plasmid revealed a new mutation affecting most glycolytic enzyme activities in a pattern resembling that caused by gcr1: levels in the range of 10% of wild-type levels on glycerol plus lactate but somewhat higher on glucose. The recessive single nuclear gene mutation, named gcr2-1, was(More)
The mutants used to show that phosphoglucose isomerase, and glucose itself, are not essential components of Escherichia coli had not been characterized genetically, other than by mapping. We now describe two new pgi mutants, one amber and the other a Mu-phage insertion, presumably both complete inactivation mutations. The new mutations do not give a(More)
This paper continues the description of transketolase mutants of Escherichia coli; they are absolutely unable to grow on pentoses, but slightly "leaky" with respect to their aromatic requirement (B. L. Josephson and D. G. Fraenkel, 1969). Several experiments have explored the degree of leakiness and shown it to be low. There is little conversion of(More)
The inability of a particular Escherichiu coZi mutant to form colonies on fructose minimal medium is ascribed to the inhibition of growth by glucose 6-phosphate, which accumulates in this strain from a small amount of glucose in the fructose. This explanation requires that fructose metabolism not be initiated by its phosphorylation to fructose 6-phosphate.(More)
We present a comparative study of Escherichia coli with normal and increased amounts of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase. Most experiments employed a resting cell system involving a high cell density (so as to obtain the soluble pool by direct extraction) and anaerobic incubation in the presence of chloramphenicol. Glucose use is linear with time with a(More)