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We have isolated a cDNA clone for an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein. The cDNA clone was prepared from mRNA isolated from interferon-beta-treated human Daudi cells. The clone of 635 base pairs contains an open reading frame coding for a protein of 145 amino acids, and suggests for the mRNA a 75-base pair 5' untranslated and a 125-base pair 3' untranslated(More)
A human gene encoding an interferon-induced 15-kDa protein has been isolated from a genomic library. The gene appears to be single-copy and is composed of two exons, the first of which contains the ATG translation initiation codon. In vitro nuclear run-on assays showed that the transcription rate of the gene is stimulated after interferon treatment. To(More)
The translational activity of cytoplasmic poly(A)+ RNA from resting human lymphocytes was approximately 20% of that from phytohemagglutinin-transformed lymphocytes in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate assay. Translation assays in the presence of cap analogues suggested that the mRNA from resting cells was relatively deficient in functional 5'-terminal cap(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a polypeptide resembling proteolytic serine esterases (from cytotoxic T-cells; SECT) was isolated from human peripheral blood lymphocytes which had been cultured in the presence of the T-cell mitogen phytohemagglutinin for 72 h. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 247 amino acids which show homology of 99% with the protein sequence(More)
An interferon-induced 15-kDa protein is synthesized from a precursor of higher molecular weight; the precursor contains 165 amino acids (17 kDa), whereas the stable product (15 kDa) contains 156 amino acids. The stable 15-kDa form is derived from the precursor 17-kDa form by the removal of eight amino acids from the COOH terminus and the methionine from the(More)
Monomolecular layers of undissociated bile acids and membrane lipids at the air/water interface serve as useful models for the interactions between fully ionized bile salts and physiological membranes. Employing an automated Langmuir-Pockels surface balance, surface pressures and dipole moments were measured as functions of molecular area for six dihydroxy(More)
c-myc gene mRNA is reduced by greater than 75% in the human lymphoblastoid cell line Daudi when growth is inhibited by treatment with human interferon beta (IFN-beta). In the present communication, we describe the effect of IFN-beta treatment on transcription of the c-myc gene and on the steady-state level of c-myc mRNA in the cytoplasm of Daudi cells. The(More)
A partially purified enzyme extract from lectin-transformed human peripheral blood lymphocytes synthesized purine nucleotides de novo. Although the relatively lower specific activity of the pathway compared with that in the avian liver preparation previously described (Rowe, P. B., McCairns, E., Madsen, G., Sauer, D., and Elliott, H. (1978) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
The expression of beta-actin, gamma-actin, alpha-tubulin, and beta-tubulin mRNA during the lectin activation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes was examined with specific cDNA clones. The resting lymphocyte has a low level of both alpha- and beta-tubulin mRNAs, and these increase 10-fold after 72 h of lectin stimulation in which maximum cell(More)
The acyl migration of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (1,2-DPG) to 1,3-dipalmitoylglycerol (1,3-DPG) in different states, neat, in the presence of egg yolk lecithin (sonicated and unsonicated) and on silica gel was studied. The isomerization was quantitated by scanning densitometry of charred TLC plates, at different temperatures and for varying periods of(More)