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The ability to transport and use haemin as an iron source is frequently observed in clinical isolates of Shigella spp. and pathogenic Escherichia coli. We found that many of these haem-utilizing E. coli strains contain a gene that hybridizes at high stringency to the S. dysenteriae type 1 haem receptor gene, shuA. These shuA-positive strains belong to(More)
Several atomic structures are now available for the family of helical cytokines, which includes growth hormone as well as many of the interleukins. Using structural information from five members of this family, two alternative models of interleukin (IL)-13 are proposed. IL-13 has biological properties similar to those of IL-4 and, like the other(More)
Phosphoglycerate mutase could be purified to over 95% homogeneity by a single step procedure involving elution from Cibacron Blue-Sepharose by a pulse of cofactor 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate. Although the enzyme has been isolated in only small quantities (c. 100 micrograms), gel filtration and sodium dodecylsulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated(More)
DNA topoisomerase II is the target of a variety of important antitumor agents, including etoposide, adriamycin, and amsacrine. We have constructed a system for analyzing the action of anti-topoisomerase II agents using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and have constructed vectors for expressing human topoisomerase II functionally in yeast. We have(More)
Removal of the C-terminal seven residues from phosphoglycerate mutase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae by limited proteolysis is associated with loss of mutase activity, but no change in phosphatase activity. The presence of the cofactor 2, 3-bisphosphoglycerate, or of the cofactor and substrate 3-phosphoglycerate together, confers protection against(More)
We ascertained that transient exposure to ethanol, above 18%, was deletionogenic to an Escherichia coli strain with a fragment (12.5 kb) of bacteriophage lambda integrated within the chromosome. The lambda attL B.P' through P fragment provided a forward selection for mutants, and a target for mutagenesis. The cells were killed by thermal derepression of(More)
The roles of a number of amino acids present at the active site of the monomeric phosphoglycerate mutase from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe have been explored by site-directed mutagenesis. The amino acids examined could be divided broadly into those presumed from previous related structural studies to be important in the catalytic process(More)
Earlier attempts to purify and characterize nonrecombinant pyruvate kinase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe proved difficult due to problems associated with the instability of the protein. The enzyme has been overexpressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain AH22, permitting studies to determine the conditions required to stabilize the enzyme during(More)
A model for the structure of the cytokine interleukin-3 (IL-3) is presented based on the structural homology of the hematopoietic cytokines and utilizing the crystal structures of interleukin-5 and granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). In addition, models of the receptor complexes of GM-CSF and IL-3 are presented based on the structural(More)