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A complete and efficient algorithm is proposed for searching form-closure grasps of n hard fingers on the surface of a three-dimensional object represented by discrete points. Both frictional and frictionless cases are considered. This algorithm starts to search a form-closure grasp from a randomly selected grasp using an efficient local search procedure(More)
Although engaging in an active lifestyle is beneficial for maintaining quality of life, a majority of wheelchair users are inactive. This study investigated the mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users in the residential setting and at the National Veterans Wheelchair Games (NVWG). Demographic factors that may have influenced(More)
This study examined the usage of powered seating functions, including tilt-in-space, backrest recline, and seat elevation, among a group of wheelchair users during their typical daily activities. Twelve individuals who used a power wheelchair with seating functions participated in the study. They drove their own wheelchair and used the seating functions as(More)
We report that completely athermal design of a slotted silicon waveguide is possible by combining the negative thermo-optic (TO) coefficient of, for example, poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) with the positive TO coefficient of silicon. When used in a microring resonator structure, the filled overcladding slotted waveguide and the unfilled (air-filled)(More)
In an effort to make activity monitors usable by manual wheelchair users with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), our study examines the validity of SenseWear Armband (SenseWear) and RT3 in assessing energy expenditure (EE) during wheelchair related activities. This paper presents the data obtained from six subjects (n=6) with SCI performing three activities,(More)
Due to lower limb paralysis, individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) rely on their upper limbs for mobility. The prevalence of upper extremity pain and injury is high among this population. We evaluated the performance of three triaxis accelerometers placed on the upper arm, wrist, and under the wheelchair, to estimate temporal parameters of wheelchair(More)