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Tumors grow in the presence of antigen-specific T cells, suggesting the existence of intrinsic cancer cell escape mechanisms. We hypothesized that a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor could sensitize tumor cells to immunotherapy because this class of agents has been reported to increase tumor antigen expression and shift gene expression to a proapoptotic(More)
It is commonly believed that T cells have difficulty reaching tumors located in the brain due to the presumed “immune privilege” of the central nervous system (CNS). Therefore, we studied the biodistribution and anti-tumor activity of adoptively transferred T cells specific for an endogenous tumor-associated antigen (TAA), gp100, expressed by tumors(More)
NK cells represent a potent immune effector cell type that have the ability to recognize and lyse tumors. However, the existence and function of NK cells in the traditionally "immune-privileged" CNS is controversial. Furthermore, the cellular interactions involved in NK cell anti-CNS tumor immunity are even less well understood. We administered(More)
Proteasome inhibition results in proapoptotic changes in cancer cells, which may make them more sensitive to immune effector cells. We established a murine model to test whether the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib could sensitize established B16 melanoma tumors to dendritic cell (DC)-activated immune effector cells. Day 3-established s.c. B16 tumors had(More)
Tumor antigen-reactive T cells must enter into an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, continue to produce cytokine and deliver apoptotic death signals to affect tumor regression. Many tumors produce transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), which inhibits T cell activation, proliferation and cytotoxicity. In a murine model of adoptive cell therapy, we(More)
Variables effecting removal of neuroblastoma cells from bone marrow using monoclonal antibodies and magnetic immunobeads were studied. Human neuroblastoma cell lines were labeled with the supravital DNA stain Hoechst 33342, seeded into normal bone marrow, incubated with monoclonal antibodies recognizing neuroblastoma cell surface antigens (HSAN 1.2,(More)
Several tumor immunotherapy approaches result in a low percentage of durable responses in selected cancers. We hypothesized that the insensitivity of cancer cells to immunotherapy may be related to an anti-apoptotic cancer cell milieu, which could be pharmacologically reverted through the inhibition of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins in cancer cells.(More)
DNA polymerase V (pol V) of Escherichia coli is a translesion DNA polymerase responsible for most of the mutagenesis observed during the SOS response. Pol V is activated by transfer of a RecA subunit from the 3'-proximal end of a RecA nucleoprotein filament to form a functional complex called DNA polymerase V Mutasome (pol V Mut). We identify a RecA(More)
Adoptive transfer (AT) T-cell therapy provides significant clinical benefits in patients with advanced melanoma. However, approaches to non-invasively visualize the persistence of transferred T cells are lacking. We examined whether positron emission tomography (PET) can monitor the distribution of self-antigen-specific T cells engineered to express an(More)