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The U.S. General Land Office land surveys document trees present during European settlement. However, use of these surveys for calculating historical forest density and other derived metrics is limited by uncertainty about the performance of plotless density estimators under a range of conditions. Therefore, we tested two plotless density estimators,(More)
Fire suppression allows tree species that are intolerant of fire stress to increase their distribution, potentially resulting in disruption of historical species-environmental relationships. To measure changes between historical General Land Office surveys (1815 to 1850) and current USDA Forest Inventory and Assessment surveys (2004 to 2008), we compared(More)
Molecular evidence linking polyoma virus to p53 inactivation is thus far lacking, setting this highly oncogenic virus apart from other DNA tumor viruses. As a biological test for interaction, we studied the effects of p53 loss on development of virus-induced tumors. The absence of p53 led to more rapid tumor development on two different mouse backgrounds,(More)
Increased planting of hard mast oak species in the Lower Missouri River floodplain is critical as natural regeneration of oak along the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri Rivers has been limited following major flood events in 1993 and 1995. Traditional planting methods have limited success due to frequent flood events, competition from faster growing(More)
Due to a mistake during the production process, there was one error in paragraph 3 of the introduction in the original published version [1]. The Forests Editorial Office wishes to make the following correction to this paper. The correct paragraph is shown below: “Canopy disturbance and subsequent increases in the quantity and quality of understory(More)
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