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SCOUT is an expert system designed to aid the practicing physician in searching a full-text database of biomedical literature for information in the domain of oncology. In the clinical setting, an information-retrieval system needs to provide only a few relevant documents that address a patient-specific query. SCOUT models the expertise of an oncologist and(More)
A system developed to improve drug distributions, safety and control in the emergency room of a 400-bed hospital is described. The system centers around the use of a special cabinet containing medication bins which store selected and limited quantities of medications packaged in single-unit containers. A dditionally, intravenous solutions, irrigating(More)
The safety and efficacy of 0.1-, 0.3- and 0.5-mg doses of epinephrine hydrochloride in the initial treatment of an acute asthma attack were compared in a double-blind study. Epinephrine hydrochloride 1:1000 was injected subcutaneously in 45 emergency room patients suffering from an acute asthma attack. The patients randomly received 0.1, 0.3 or 0.5 mg of(More)
Penicillamine, a heavy metal antagonist, is used in the treatment of Wilson's disease, cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis, and various other conditions. Adverse reactions to the drug are many and frequent and range in severity from gastrointestinal distress, stomatitis, unpleasant skin odours, and rashes to proteinuria, leucopenia, and thrombocytopenia.1 Up(More)
The public is demanding quality information on the appropriate use of medicinal agents. The pharmacist is a potential source of this information; however, lack of time and appropriate environment often limit this interaction. An educational model has been developed, used, and evaluated in order to increase public knowledge on nonprescription medications,(More)