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The influence of the initial reactant concentrations on the composition of the solid phases formed in the precipitation system MgCl(2)-NH(4)H(2)PO(4)-NaOH-H(2)O was investigated. The precipitation diagram constructed shows the approximate concentration regions within which struvite, newberyite, and their mixtures exist at 25 degrees C and an aging time of(More)
A comparison of the physical-chemical properties of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC), prepared by batch and semicontinuous processes, is presented. In both processes, PCC, was synthesized by carbonation of slaked lime. In the batch process the experiments were performed by varying the initial mass concentration and temperature, and the semicontinuous(More)
Appearance of a solid phase from aqueous solution, known as precipitation, is responsible for the formation of numerous natural materials and technological products. Therefore, the knowledge on mechanisms of elementary processes involved in precipitation should be considered in the areas such as geology, oceanology, biomineralization, medicine, basic(More)
Calcium carbonate was precipitated from calcium hydroxide and carbonic acid solutions at 25 degrees C, with and without addition of different magnesium (MgSO(4), Mg(NO(3))(2) and MgCl(2)) and sodium salts (Na(2)SO(4), NaNO(3) and NaCl) of identical anions, in order to study the mode of incorporation of magnesium and inorganic anions and their effect on the(More)
Mineralized tissues grow through biologically controlled processes in which specific macromolecules are involved. Some of these molecules, which are present in very low concentrations and are difficult to localize and characterize, become entrapped inside the mineralized tissue. Herein, a protein fragment, GP, which was obtained by the alkaline digestion of(More)
Emulsion liquid membranes were used for precipitation of different sparingly soluble salts: calcium oxalate, copper oxalate, nickel oxalate, cobalt oxalate, lanthanum oxalate, calcium phosphate, cobalt phosphate, copper phosphate, lanthanum phosphate, barium sulphate, strontium sulphate and calcium sulphate. For the transport of a desired cation or anion(More)
Investigation of basic interactions between the active pharmaceutical compounds and calcium carbonates is of great importance because of the possibility to use the carbonates as a mineral carrier in drug delivery systems. In this study the mode and extent of interactions of salicylic acid and its amino acid derivates, chosen as pharmaceutically relevant(More)
Many living organisms form mineral phases through biologically controlled processes, known as biomineralization. Thus created materials are composites of both, mineral and organic components. The shell of the gastropod mollusc red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) consists of calcite and aragonite layers, each of them containing characteristic biopolymers(More)
Spontaneous precipitation of calcium carbonate was investigated in two precipitation systems: (1) with initial supersaturation lower than that corresponding to the solubility of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), at which vaterite precipitated, and (2) with initial supersaturation higher than that of ACC solubility, at which a mixture of calcite and(More)
This paper reports on the investigation of experimental conditions relevant for spontaneous precipitation of significant amount of pure calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD). For this purpose, the hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters, such as mode of agitation, temperature, supersaturation and concentration of additives (citrate ions), have been studied. The(More)